Early Identification and Prevention of the Spread of Ebola - United States

Chris A. Van Beneden, Harald Pietz, Robert D. Kirkcaldy, Lisa M. Koonin, Timothy M. Uyeki, Alexandra M. Oster, Deborah A. Levy, Maleeka Glover, Matthew J. Arduino, Toby L. Merlin, David T. Kuhar, Christine Kosmos, Beth P. Bell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In response to the 2014-2016 Ebola virus disease (Ebola) epidemic in West Africa, CDC prepared for the potential introduction of Ebola into the United States. The immediate goals were to rapidly identify and isolate any cases of Ebola, prevent transmission, and promote timely treatment of affected patients. CDC's technical expertise and the collaboration of multiple partners in state, local, and municipal public health departments; health care facilities; emergency medical services; and U.S. government agencies were essential to the domestic preparedness and response to the Ebola epidemic and relied on longstanding partnerships. CDC established a comprehensive response that included two new strategies: 1) active monitoring of travelers arriving from countries affected by Ebola and other persons at risk for Ebola and 2) a tiered system of hospital facility preparedness that enabled prioritization of training. CDC rapidly deployed a diagnostic assay for Ebola virus (EBOV) to public health laboratories. Guidance was developed to assist in evaluation of patients possibly infected with EBOV, for appropriate infection control, to support emergency responders, and for handling of infectious waste. CDC rapid response teams were formed to provide assistance within 24 hours to a health care facility managing a patient with Ebola. As a result of the collaborations to rapidly identify, isolate, and manage Ebola patients and the extensive preparations to prevent spread of EBOV, the United States is now better prepared to address the next global infectious disease threat.The activities summarized in this report would not have been possible without collaboration with many U.S. and international partners (http://www.cdc.gov/vhf/ebola/outbreaks/2014-west-africa/partners.html).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)75-84
Number of pages10
JournalMMWR supplements
Volume65
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 8 2016

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Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (U.S.)
Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever
Ebolavirus
Western Africa
Health Facilities
Emergency Responders
Public Health
Professional Competence
Delivery of Health Care
Government Agencies
Sexual Partners
Emergency Medical Services
Infection Control
Disease Outbreaks
Communicable Diseases
Therapeutics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Van Beneden, C. A., Pietz, H., Kirkcaldy, R. D., Koonin, L. M., Uyeki, T. M., Oster, A. M., ... Bell, B. P. (2016). Early Identification and Prevention of the Spread of Ebola - United States. MMWR supplements, 65(3), 75-84. https://doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.su6503a11

Early Identification and Prevention of the Spread of Ebola - United States. / Van Beneden, Chris A.; Pietz, Harald; Kirkcaldy, Robert D.; Koonin, Lisa M.; Uyeki, Timothy M.; Oster, Alexandra M.; Levy, Deborah A.; Glover, Maleeka; Arduino, Matthew J.; Merlin, Toby L.; Kuhar, David T.; Kosmos, Christine; Bell, Beth P.

In: MMWR supplements, Vol. 65, No. 3, 08.07.2016, p. 75-84.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Van Beneden, CA, Pietz, H, Kirkcaldy, RD, Koonin, LM, Uyeki, TM, Oster, AM, Levy, DA, Glover, M, Arduino, MJ, Merlin, TL, Kuhar, DT, Kosmos, C & Bell, BP 2016, 'Early Identification and Prevention of the Spread of Ebola - United States', MMWR supplements, vol. 65, no. 3, pp. 75-84. https://doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.su6503a11
Van Beneden CA, Pietz H, Kirkcaldy RD, Koonin LM, Uyeki TM, Oster AM et al. Early Identification and Prevention of the Spread of Ebola - United States. MMWR supplements. 2016 Jul 8;65(3):75-84. https://doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.su6503a11
Van Beneden, Chris A. ; Pietz, Harald ; Kirkcaldy, Robert D. ; Koonin, Lisa M. ; Uyeki, Timothy M. ; Oster, Alexandra M. ; Levy, Deborah A. ; Glover, Maleeka ; Arduino, Matthew J. ; Merlin, Toby L. ; Kuhar, David T. ; Kosmos, Christine ; Bell, Beth P. / Early Identification and Prevention of the Spread of Ebola - United States. In: MMWR supplements. 2016 ; Vol. 65, No. 3. pp. 75-84.
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