Does self-determined motivation interact with environmental contexts to influence moderate-to-vigorous physical activity during a girls’ youth sport camp?

Justin M. Guagliano, Gregory S. Kolt, Richard R. Rosenkranz, David A. Dzewaltowski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: To explore whether basketball player’s self-determined motivation interacts with environmental contexts and coach training to influence percentage time in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (%MVPA). Methods: A secondary analysis of data from 76 girls (mean ± SD, 10.5 ± 1.0 years) was conducted. Players were classified as high self-determined motivation (HSDM) or low self-determined motivation (LSDM) and randomised to trained (intervention) or untrained (control) coaches. Training included 2 workshops on strategies for activity-promoting practices. Girls were exposed to environmental contexts (practices and games) led by a trained/untrained coach (depending on arm) and one without coaches (free time) daily. Girls wore accelerometers each day. Using mixed random-effects models, the influence of motivation, context and training on %MVPA was analysed. Results: Trained coaches’ practices were associated with the greatest %MVPA with no difference between HSDM and LSDM players (38.28 ± 1.77%; 37.64 ± 1.80%; p = 0.66). HSDM players had significantly greater %MVPA versus LSDM players during untrained coaches’ practices (23.58 ± 1.77%; 20.51 ± 1.78%; p = 0.03). During games with trained coaches, HSDM players had greater %MVPA compared to LSDM players (23.79 ± 1.76%; 18.56 ± 1.74%; p < 0.001). No between-group difference in %MVPA during free time was found (12.85 ± 0.82%; 13.39 ± 0.84%; p = 0.64). Conclusion: The impact of individual differences in self-determined motivation on %MVPA during practices was attenuated when coaches were trained to implement activity-promoting practices.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2720-2725
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Sports Sciences
Volume37
Issue number23
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2 2019

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Motivation
Exercise
Youth Sports
Basketball
Mentoring
Individuality
Education

Keywords

  • Children
  • coach training
  • motivation
  • organised sport
  • physical activity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Cite this

Does self-determined motivation interact with environmental contexts to influence moderate-to-vigorous physical activity during a girls’ youth sport camp? / Guagliano, Justin M.; Kolt, Gregory S.; Rosenkranz, Richard R.; Dzewaltowski, David A.

In: Journal of Sports Sciences, Vol. 37, No. 23, 02.12.2019, p. 2720-2725.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Objective: To explore whether basketball player’s self-determined motivation interacts with environmental contexts and coach training to influence percentage time in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity ({\%}MVPA). Methods: A secondary analysis of data from 76 girls (mean ± SD, 10.5 ± 1.0 years) was conducted. Players were classified as high self-determined motivation (HSDM) or low self-determined motivation (LSDM) and randomised to trained (intervention) or untrained (control) coaches. Training included 2 workshops on strategies for activity-promoting practices. Girls were exposed to environmental contexts (practices and games) led by a trained/untrained coach (depending on arm) and one without coaches (free time) daily. Girls wore accelerometers each day. Using mixed random-effects models, the influence of motivation, context and training on {\%}MVPA was analysed. Results: Trained coaches’ practices were associated with the greatest {\%}MVPA with no difference between HSDM and LSDM players (38.28 ± 1.77{\%}; 37.64 ± 1.80{\%}; p = 0.66). HSDM players had significantly greater {\%}MVPA versus LSDM players during untrained coaches’ practices (23.58 ± 1.77{\%}; 20.51 ± 1.78{\%}; p = 0.03). During games with trained coaches, HSDM players had greater {\%}MVPA compared to LSDM players (23.79 ± 1.76{\%}; 18.56 ± 1.74{\%}; p < 0.001). No between-group difference in {\%}MVPA during free time was found (12.85 ± 0.82{\%}; 13.39 ± 0.84{\%}; p = 0.64). Conclusion: The impact of individual differences in self-determined motivation on {\%}MVPA during practices was attenuated when coaches were trained to implement activity-promoting practices.",
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