Do human neutrophils make hydroxyl radical? Determination of free radicals generated by human neutrophils activated with a soluble or particulate stimulus using electron paramagnetic resonance spectrometry

Bradley E Britigan, G. M. Rosen, Y. Chai, M. S. Cohen

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Abstract

Using electron paramagnetic resonance spectrometry and the spin trap 5,5-dimethyl-1-pyrroline-1-oxide (DMPO), neutrophil free radical production in response to phorbol myristate acetate and opsonized zymosan was investigated. Using phorbol myristate acetate and zymosan (3 mg/ml), the superoxide spin-trapped adduct 2-2-dimethyl-5-hydroperoxy-1-pyrrolidinyloxy (DMPO-OOH) and the hydroxyl spin-trapped adduct 2-2-demethyl-5-hydroxy-1-pyrrolidinyloxyl (DMPO-OH) were detected. Only DMPO-OH was observed with zymosan (0.5 mg/ml). Hydroxy radical production in the presence of dimethylsulfoxide (Me2SO) and DMPO yields 2,2,5-trimethyl-1-pyrrolidinyloxyl. The only 2,2-trimethyl-1-pyrrolidinyloxyl detected following neutrophil stimulation was that expected from DMPO-OOH degradation. Superoxide dismutase but not catalase inhibited generation of all three spin-trapped adducts. These data indicate that DMPO-OH arose from DMPO-OOH degradation and does not represent hydroxyl radical production. Under certain conditions DMPO-OH is the predominant spin-trapped adduct resulting from neutrophil superoxide production, perhaps due to cellular bioreduction of DMPO-OOH to DMPO-OH. Cytochalasin B, which prevents phagosome closure, inhibited zymosan-stimulated neutrophil oxygen consumption and electron paramagnetic resonance superoxide detection. No hydroxyl radical was detected. Spin trapping with DMPO appears to detect intraphagosomal free-radical formation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4426-4431
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume261
Issue number10
StatePublished - Dec 1 1986

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Electron Spin Resonance Spectroscopy
Hydroxyl Radical
Oxides
Spectrometry
Free Radicals
Paramagnetic resonance
Spectrum Analysis
Neutrophils
Zymosan
Superoxides
Tetradecanoylphorbol Acetate
pyrroline
Spin Trapping
Degradation
Phagosomes
Cytochalasin B
Dimethyl Sulfoxide
Oxygen Consumption
Catalase
Superoxide Dismutase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

Cite this

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title = "Do human neutrophils make hydroxyl radical? Determination of free radicals generated by human neutrophils activated with a soluble or particulate stimulus using electron paramagnetic resonance spectrometry",
abstract = "Using electron paramagnetic resonance spectrometry and the spin trap 5,5-dimethyl-1-pyrroline-1-oxide (DMPO), neutrophil free radical production in response to phorbol myristate acetate and opsonized zymosan was investigated. Using phorbol myristate acetate and zymosan (3 mg/ml), the superoxide spin-trapped adduct 2-2-dimethyl-5-hydroperoxy-1-pyrrolidinyloxy (DMPO-OOH) and the hydroxyl spin-trapped adduct 2-2-demethyl-5-hydroxy-1-pyrrolidinyloxyl (DMPO-OH) were detected. Only DMPO-OH was observed with zymosan (0.5 mg/ml). Hydroxy radical production in the presence of dimethylsulfoxide (Me2SO) and DMPO yields 2,2,5-trimethyl-1-pyrrolidinyloxyl. The only 2,2-trimethyl-1-pyrrolidinyloxyl detected following neutrophil stimulation was that expected from DMPO-OOH degradation. Superoxide dismutase but not catalase inhibited generation of all three spin-trapped adducts. These data indicate that DMPO-OH arose from DMPO-OOH degradation and does not represent hydroxyl radical production. Under certain conditions DMPO-OH is the predominant spin-trapped adduct resulting from neutrophil superoxide production, perhaps due to cellular bioreduction of DMPO-OOH to DMPO-OH. Cytochalasin B, which prevents phagosome closure, inhibited zymosan-stimulated neutrophil oxygen consumption and electron paramagnetic resonance superoxide detection. No hydroxyl radical was detected. Spin trapping with DMPO appears to detect intraphagosomal free-radical formation.",
author = "Britigan, {Bradley E} and Rosen, {G. M.} and Y. Chai and Cohen, {M. S.}",
year = "1986",
month = "12",
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language = "English (US)",
volume = "261",
pages = "4426--4431",
journal = "Journal of Biological Chemistry",
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T1 - Do human neutrophils make hydroxyl radical? Determination of free radicals generated by human neutrophils activated with a soluble or particulate stimulus using electron paramagnetic resonance spectrometry

AU - Britigan, Bradley E

AU - Rosen, G. M.

AU - Chai, Y.

AU - Cohen, M. S.

PY - 1986/12/1

Y1 - 1986/12/1

N2 - Using electron paramagnetic resonance spectrometry and the spin trap 5,5-dimethyl-1-pyrroline-1-oxide (DMPO), neutrophil free radical production in response to phorbol myristate acetate and opsonized zymosan was investigated. Using phorbol myristate acetate and zymosan (3 mg/ml), the superoxide spin-trapped adduct 2-2-dimethyl-5-hydroperoxy-1-pyrrolidinyloxy (DMPO-OOH) and the hydroxyl spin-trapped adduct 2-2-demethyl-5-hydroxy-1-pyrrolidinyloxyl (DMPO-OH) were detected. Only DMPO-OH was observed with zymosan (0.5 mg/ml). Hydroxy radical production in the presence of dimethylsulfoxide (Me2SO) and DMPO yields 2,2,5-trimethyl-1-pyrrolidinyloxyl. The only 2,2-trimethyl-1-pyrrolidinyloxyl detected following neutrophil stimulation was that expected from DMPO-OOH degradation. Superoxide dismutase but not catalase inhibited generation of all three spin-trapped adducts. These data indicate that DMPO-OH arose from DMPO-OOH degradation and does not represent hydroxyl radical production. Under certain conditions DMPO-OH is the predominant spin-trapped adduct resulting from neutrophil superoxide production, perhaps due to cellular bioreduction of DMPO-OOH to DMPO-OH. Cytochalasin B, which prevents phagosome closure, inhibited zymosan-stimulated neutrophil oxygen consumption and electron paramagnetic resonance superoxide detection. No hydroxyl radical was detected. Spin trapping with DMPO appears to detect intraphagosomal free-radical formation.

AB - Using electron paramagnetic resonance spectrometry and the spin trap 5,5-dimethyl-1-pyrroline-1-oxide (DMPO), neutrophil free radical production in response to phorbol myristate acetate and opsonized zymosan was investigated. Using phorbol myristate acetate and zymosan (3 mg/ml), the superoxide spin-trapped adduct 2-2-dimethyl-5-hydroperoxy-1-pyrrolidinyloxy (DMPO-OOH) and the hydroxyl spin-trapped adduct 2-2-demethyl-5-hydroxy-1-pyrrolidinyloxyl (DMPO-OH) were detected. Only DMPO-OH was observed with zymosan (0.5 mg/ml). Hydroxy radical production in the presence of dimethylsulfoxide (Me2SO) and DMPO yields 2,2,5-trimethyl-1-pyrrolidinyloxyl. The only 2,2-trimethyl-1-pyrrolidinyloxyl detected following neutrophil stimulation was that expected from DMPO-OOH degradation. Superoxide dismutase but not catalase inhibited generation of all three spin-trapped adducts. These data indicate that DMPO-OH arose from DMPO-OOH degradation and does not represent hydroxyl radical production. Under certain conditions DMPO-OH is the predominant spin-trapped adduct resulting from neutrophil superoxide production, perhaps due to cellular bioreduction of DMPO-OOH to DMPO-OH. Cytochalasin B, which prevents phagosome closure, inhibited zymosan-stimulated neutrophil oxygen consumption and electron paramagnetic resonance superoxide detection. No hydroxyl radical was detected. Spin trapping with DMPO appears to detect intraphagosomal free-radical formation.

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