Do communication disorders extend to musical messages? An answer from children with hearing loss or autism spectrum disorders

Christina M. Whipple, Kate Gfeller, Virginia Driscoll, Jacob Oleson, Karla McGregor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Effective musical communication requires conveyance of the intended message in a manner perceptible to the receiver. Communication disorders that impair transmitting or decoding of structural features of music (e.g., pitch, timbre) and/or symbolic representation may result in atypical musical communication, which can have a negative impact on music therapy interventions. Objective: This study compared recognition of symbolic representation of emotions or movements in music by two groups of children with different communicative characteristics: severe to profound hearing loss (using cochlear implants [CI]) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Their responses were compared to those of children with typical-development and normal hearing (TD-NH). Accuracy was examined as a function of communicative status, emotional or movement category, and individual characteristics. Methods: Participants listened to recorded musical excerpts conveying emotions or movements and matched them with labels. Measures relevant to auditory and/or language function were also gathered. Results: There was no significant difference between the ASD and TD-NH groups in identification of musical emotions or movements. However, the CI group was significantly less accurate than the other two groups in identification of both emotions and movements. Mixed effects logistic regression revealed different patterns of accuracy for specific emotions as a function of group. Conclusion: Conveyance of emotions or movements through music may be decoded differently by persons with different types of communication disorders. Because music is the primary therapeutic tool in music therapy sessions, clinicians should consider these differential abilities when selecting music for clinical interventions focusing on emotions or movement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)78-116
Number of pages39
JournalJournal of Music Therapy
Volume52
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015

Fingerprint

Communication Disorders
Hearing Loss
Emotions
Music
Music Therapy
Social Identification
Cochlear Implants
Hearing
Communication
Aptitude
Autism Spectrum Disorder
Hearing Impairment
Autism Spectrum Disorders
Emotion
Language
Logistic Models

Keywords

  • Autism
  • Cochlear implant
  • Emotion
  • Movement
  • Music recognition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Complementary and Manual Therapy
  • Music

Cite this

Do communication disorders extend to musical messages? An answer from children with hearing loss or autism spectrum disorders. / Whipple, Christina M.; Gfeller, Kate; Driscoll, Virginia; Oleson, Jacob; McGregor, Karla.

In: Journal of Music Therapy, Vol. 52, No. 1, 01.01.2015, p. 78-116.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Whipple, Christina M. ; Gfeller, Kate ; Driscoll, Virginia ; Oleson, Jacob ; McGregor, Karla. / Do communication disorders extend to musical messages? An answer from children with hearing loss or autism spectrum disorders. In: Journal of Music Therapy. 2015 ; Vol. 52, No. 1. pp. 78-116.
@article{1675d29c5b53434aa047039ad1de6f7e,
title = "Do communication disorders extend to musical messages? An answer from children with hearing loss or autism spectrum disorders",
abstract = "Background: Effective musical communication requires conveyance of the intended message in a manner perceptible to the receiver. Communication disorders that impair transmitting or decoding of structural features of music (e.g., pitch, timbre) and/or symbolic representation may result in atypical musical communication, which can have a negative impact on music therapy interventions. Objective: This study compared recognition of symbolic representation of emotions or movements in music by two groups of children with different communicative characteristics: severe to profound hearing loss (using cochlear implants [CI]) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Their responses were compared to those of children with typical-development and normal hearing (TD-NH). Accuracy was examined as a function of communicative status, emotional or movement category, and individual characteristics. Methods: Participants listened to recorded musical excerpts conveying emotions or movements and matched them with labels. Measures relevant to auditory and/or language function were also gathered. Results: There was no significant difference between the ASD and TD-NH groups in identification of musical emotions or movements. However, the CI group was significantly less accurate than the other two groups in identification of both emotions and movements. Mixed effects logistic regression revealed different patterns of accuracy for specific emotions as a function of group. Conclusion: Conveyance of emotions or movements through music may be decoded differently by persons with different types of communication disorders. Because music is the primary therapeutic tool in music therapy sessions, clinicians should consider these differential abilities when selecting music for clinical interventions focusing on emotions or movement.",
keywords = "Autism, Cochlear implant, Emotion, Movement, Music recognition",
author = "Whipple, {Christina M.} and Kate Gfeller and Virginia Driscoll and Jacob Oleson and Karla McGregor",
year = "2015",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1093/jmt/thu039",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "52",
pages = "78--116",
journal = "Journal of Music Therapy",
issn = "0022-2917",
publisher = "American Music Therapy Association, Inc.",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Do communication disorders extend to musical messages? An answer from children with hearing loss or autism spectrum disorders

AU - Whipple, Christina M.

AU - Gfeller, Kate

AU - Driscoll, Virginia

AU - Oleson, Jacob

AU - McGregor, Karla

PY - 2015/1/1

Y1 - 2015/1/1

N2 - Background: Effective musical communication requires conveyance of the intended message in a manner perceptible to the receiver. Communication disorders that impair transmitting or decoding of structural features of music (e.g., pitch, timbre) and/or symbolic representation may result in atypical musical communication, which can have a negative impact on music therapy interventions. Objective: This study compared recognition of symbolic representation of emotions or movements in music by two groups of children with different communicative characteristics: severe to profound hearing loss (using cochlear implants [CI]) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Their responses were compared to those of children with typical-development and normal hearing (TD-NH). Accuracy was examined as a function of communicative status, emotional or movement category, and individual characteristics. Methods: Participants listened to recorded musical excerpts conveying emotions or movements and matched them with labels. Measures relevant to auditory and/or language function were also gathered. Results: There was no significant difference between the ASD and TD-NH groups in identification of musical emotions or movements. However, the CI group was significantly less accurate than the other two groups in identification of both emotions and movements. Mixed effects logistic regression revealed different patterns of accuracy for specific emotions as a function of group. Conclusion: Conveyance of emotions or movements through music may be decoded differently by persons with different types of communication disorders. Because music is the primary therapeutic tool in music therapy sessions, clinicians should consider these differential abilities when selecting music for clinical interventions focusing on emotions or movement.

AB - Background: Effective musical communication requires conveyance of the intended message in a manner perceptible to the receiver. Communication disorders that impair transmitting or decoding of structural features of music (e.g., pitch, timbre) and/or symbolic representation may result in atypical musical communication, which can have a negative impact on music therapy interventions. Objective: This study compared recognition of symbolic representation of emotions or movements in music by two groups of children with different communicative characteristics: severe to profound hearing loss (using cochlear implants [CI]) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Their responses were compared to those of children with typical-development and normal hearing (TD-NH). Accuracy was examined as a function of communicative status, emotional or movement category, and individual characteristics. Methods: Participants listened to recorded musical excerpts conveying emotions or movements and matched them with labels. Measures relevant to auditory and/or language function were also gathered. Results: There was no significant difference between the ASD and TD-NH groups in identification of musical emotions or movements. However, the CI group was significantly less accurate than the other two groups in identification of both emotions and movements. Mixed effects logistic regression revealed different patterns of accuracy for specific emotions as a function of group. Conclusion: Conveyance of emotions or movements through music may be decoded differently by persons with different types of communication disorders. Because music is the primary therapeutic tool in music therapy sessions, clinicians should consider these differential abilities when selecting music for clinical interventions focusing on emotions or movement.

KW - Autism

KW - Cochlear implant

KW - Emotion

KW - Movement

KW - Music recognition

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84983087127&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84983087127&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1093/jmt/thu039

DO - 10.1093/jmt/thu039

M3 - Article

C2 - 25691513

AN - SCOPUS:84983087127

VL - 52

SP - 78

EP - 116

JO - Journal of Music Therapy

JF - Journal of Music Therapy

SN - 0022-2917

IS - 1

ER -