DNA-PK phosphorylation of RPA32 Ser4/Ser8 regulates replication stress checkpoint activation, fork restart, homologous recombination and mitotic catastrophe

Amanda K. Ashley, Meena Shrivastav, Jingyi Nie, Courtney Amerin, Kyle Troksa, Jason G. Glanzer, Shengqin Liu, Stephen O. Opiyo, Diana D. Dimitrova, Phuong Le, Brock Sishc, Susan M. Bailey, Gregory G Oakley, Jac A. Nickoloff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

47 Scopus citations

Abstract

Genotoxins and other factors cause replication stress that activate the DNA damage response (DDR), comprising checkpoint and repair systems. The DDR suppresses cancer by promoting genome stability, and it regulates tumor resistance to chemo- and radiotherapy. Three members of the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase-related kinase (PIKK) family, ATM, ATR, and DNA-PK, are important DDR proteins. A key PIKK target is replication protein A (RPA), which binds single-stranded DNA and functions in DNA replication, DNA repair, and checkpoint signaling. An early response to replication stress is ATR activation, which occurs when RPA accumulates on ssDNA. Activated ATR phosphorylates many targets, including the RPA32 subunit of RPA, leading to Chk1 activation and replication arrest. DNA-PK also phosphorylates RPA32 in response to replication stress, and we demonstrate that cells with DNA-PK defects, or lacking RPA32 Ser4/Ser8 targeted by DNA-PK, confer similar phenotypes, including defective replication checkpoint arrest, hyper-recombination, premature replication fork restart, failure to block late origin firing, and increased mitotic catastrophe. We present evidence that hyper-recombination in these mutants is ATM-dependent, but the other defects are ATM-independent. These results indicate that DNA-PK and ATR signaling through RPA32 plays a critical role in promoting genome stability and cell survival in response to replication stress.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)131-139
Number of pages9
JournalDNA Repair
Volume21
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2014

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Keywords

  • Checkpoint regulation
  • DNA repair
  • Homologous recombination
  • Replication stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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