Distributional learning in college students with developmental language disorder

Jessica Hall, Amanda Owen Van Horne, Karla McGregor, Thomas Farmer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: This study examined whether college students with developmental language disorder (DLD) could use distributional information in an artificial language to learn about grammatical category membership in a way similar to their typically developing (TD) peers. Method: Seventeen college students with DLD and 17 TD college students participated in this task. We used an artificial grammar in which certain combinations of words never occurred during training. At test, participants had to use knowledge of category membership to determine which combinations were allowable in the grammar, even though they had not been heard. Results: College students with DLD performed similarly to TD peers in distinguishing grammatical from ungrammatical combinations. Conclusion: Differences in ratings between grammatical and ungrammatical items in this task suggest that college students with DLD can form grammatical categories from novel input and more broadly use distributional information.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3270-3283
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research
Volume60
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2017
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Language Development Disorders
Learning
Students
language
learning
student
grammar
Language
rating
Developmental Language Disorder
College Students

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language
  • Speech and Hearing

Cite this

Distributional learning in college students with developmental language disorder. / Hall, Jessica; Van Horne, Amanda Owen; McGregor, Karla; Farmer, Thomas.

In: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, Vol. 60, No. 11, 01.11.2017, p. 3270-3283.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hall, Jessica ; Van Horne, Amanda Owen ; McGregor, Karla ; Farmer, Thomas. / Distributional learning in college students with developmental language disorder. In: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research. 2017 ; Vol. 60, No. 11. pp. 3270-3283.
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