Distinguishing Respiratory Features of Category A/B Potential Bioterrorism Agents from Community-Acquired Pneumonia

Elena H. Kwon, Ronald B. Reisler, Anthony P. Cardile, Theodore J. Cieslak, Michael J. D'Onofrio, Angela L. Hewlett, Karen A. Martins, Chi Ritchie, Mark G. Kortepeter

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

1 Scopus citations


Differentiating between illness caused by community-acquired respiratory pathogens versus infection by biothreat agents is a challenge. This review highlights respiratory and clinical features of category A and B potential biothreat agents that have respiratory features as their primary presenting signs and symptoms. Recent world events make such a reminder that the possibility of rare diseases and unlikely events can occur timely for clinicians, policymakers, and public health authorities. Despite some distinguishing features, nothing can replace good clinical acumen and a strong index of suspicion in the diagnosis of uncommon infectious diseases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)224-238
Number of pages15
JournalHealth Security
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jul 1 2018



  • Anthrax
  • Biological weapon
  • Bioterrorism
  • Biowarfare
  • Brucellosis
  • Glanders
  • Influenza
  • Melioidosis
  • Plague
  • Pneumonia
  • Q fever
  • Tularemia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Emergency Medicine
  • Safety Research
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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