Distinction by Concanavalin A Agglutination between Ulceration and Repair of Rat Bladder Epithelium Induced by Freezing or Cyclophosphamide and the Effect of Sodium Saccharin

T. Suzuki, Samuel Monroe Cohen, G. Murasaki, S. M. Cohen

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Abstract

Agglutination of rat urinary bladder epithelial cells by concanavalin A (Con A) has been reported to be an early marker of bladder carcinogenesis. Ulceraton of the bladder, induced by cyclophosphamide (CP) or freezing, followed by sodium saccharin in the diet results in the induction of bladder cancer. In the present studies, the agglutination of rat urinary bladder epithelial cells by Con A was shown to be increased during the regenerative hyperplasia following ulceration induced by i.p. CP injection, but it returned to normal levels by Day 21 when the preparative process was nearly complete. This effect correlated quantitatively with the dose of CP. However, if CP administration was followed by sodium saccharin in the diet beginning 14 days after the injection, the agglutinability of bladder cells by Con A persisted. In contrast, agglutination of bladder cells by Con A during regenerative hyperplasia following ulceration induced by freezing was not increased whether sodium saccharin was fed or not. These results indicate that Con A agglutination distinguishes between the regenerative hyperplasia induced by CP or freezing, even though either method followed by sodium saccharin in the diet results in bladder cancer in the rat.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)74-77
Number of pages4
JournalCancer Research
Volume44
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1984

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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