Disparate expression of IL-12 by SJL/J and B10.S macrophages during Theiler's virus infection is associated with activity of TLR7 and mitogen-activated protein kinases

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Differences in components of innate anti-viral immune responses may account for the contrast in susceptibility to Theiler's murine encephalomyelitis virus (TMEV) between SJL/J and B10.S mice. Herein, the expression of IL-12, interferon (IFN)-β, Toll-like receptors 3 (TLR3), TLR7, and mitogen-activated protein (MAP)-kinases was evaluated in SJL/J and B10.S macrophages infected with TMEV. Twenty-four hours after infection, SJL/J macrophages exhibited higher levels of TMEV RNA, IL-12 p40, and TLR3 but lower levels of IL-12 p70 and the IL-12 p35 subunit compared with B10.S macrophages. Addition of exogenous IL-12 p70 or IFN-β increased the resistance of SJL/J macrophages to TMEV infection. To assess MAP-kinases, macrophages were pretreated with the p38 MAP-kinase inhibitor SB203580 or extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERK) MAP-kinase inhibitor U0126 before TMEV infection. U0126 reduced SJL/J but increased B10.S macrophage expression of IL-12 p40 and p70 in response to TMEV. U0126 decreased the IL-12 p35 response of SJL/J macrophages. To assess TLR7, SJL/J and B10.S macrophages were stimulated with loxoribine, a TLR7 ligand. Loxoribine induced more IL-12 p70 production and p35 expression in B10.S than SJL/J macrophages. U0126 increased loxoribine-induced expression of IL-12 p40 and IL-12 p70 in B10.S but not SJL/J macrophages. Thus, differences in production of IL-12 p70 due to expression of the p35 subunit and in activity of TLR7, as well as activation of factors downstream of ERK MAP-kinases likely underlie the disparity in innate immunity between SJL/J and B10.S macrophages to TMEV.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)224-232
Number of pages9
JournalMicrobes and Infection
Volume7
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2005

Fingerprint

Theilovirus
Virus Diseases
Interleukin-12
Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases
Macrophages
Toll-Like Receptor 3
Extracellular Signal-Regulated MAP Kinases
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
Interferons
p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases
Innate Immunity

Keywords

  • ERK1/2
  • IL-12
  • MAP-kinases
  • TMEV
  • Toll-like receptors
  • p38

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Immunology
  • Infectious Diseases

Cite this

@article{fbc358d0352f4967ba9449126662227e,
title = "Disparate expression of IL-12 by SJL/J and B10.S macrophages during Theiler's virus infection is associated with activity of TLR7 and mitogen-activated protein kinases",
abstract = "Differences in components of innate anti-viral immune responses may account for the contrast in susceptibility to Theiler's murine encephalomyelitis virus (TMEV) between SJL/J and B10.S mice. Herein, the expression of IL-12, interferon (IFN)-β, Toll-like receptors 3 (TLR3), TLR7, and mitogen-activated protein (MAP)-kinases was evaluated in SJL/J and B10.S macrophages infected with TMEV. Twenty-four hours after infection, SJL/J macrophages exhibited higher levels of TMEV RNA, IL-12 p40, and TLR3 but lower levels of IL-12 p70 and the IL-12 p35 subunit compared with B10.S macrophages. Addition of exogenous IL-12 p70 or IFN-β increased the resistance of SJL/J macrophages to TMEV infection. To assess MAP-kinases, macrophages were pretreated with the p38 MAP-kinase inhibitor SB203580 or extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERK) MAP-kinase inhibitor U0126 before TMEV infection. U0126 reduced SJL/J but increased B10.S macrophage expression of IL-12 p40 and p70 in response to TMEV. U0126 decreased the IL-12 p35 response of SJL/J macrophages. To assess TLR7, SJL/J and B10.S macrophages were stimulated with loxoribine, a TLR7 ligand. Loxoribine induced more IL-12 p70 production and p35 expression in B10.S than SJL/J macrophages. U0126 increased loxoribine-induced expression of IL-12 p40 and IL-12 p70 in B10.S but not SJL/J macrophages. Thus, differences in production of IL-12 p70 due to expression of the p35 subunit and in activity of TLR7, as well as activation of factors downstream of ERK MAP-kinases likely underlie the disparity in innate immunity between SJL/J and B10.S macrophages to TMEV.",
keywords = "ERK1/2, IL-12, MAP-kinases, TMEV, Toll-like receptors, p38",
author = "Petro, {Thomas M}",
year = "2005",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.micinf.2004.10.014",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "7",
pages = "224--232",
journal = "Microbes and Infection",
issn = "1286-4579",
publisher = "Elsevier Masson SAS",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Disparate expression of IL-12 by SJL/J and B10.S macrophages during Theiler's virus infection is associated with activity of TLR7 and mitogen-activated protein kinases

AU - Petro, Thomas M

PY - 2005/1/1

Y1 - 2005/1/1

N2 - Differences in components of innate anti-viral immune responses may account for the contrast in susceptibility to Theiler's murine encephalomyelitis virus (TMEV) between SJL/J and B10.S mice. Herein, the expression of IL-12, interferon (IFN)-β, Toll-like receptors 3 (TLR3), TLR7, and mitogen-activated protein (MAP)-kinases was evaluated in SJL/J and B10.S macrophages infected with TMEV. Twenty-four hours after infection, SJL/J macrophages exhibited higher levels of TMEV RNA, IL-12 p40, and TLR3 but lower levels of IL-12 p70 and the IL-12 p35 subunit compared with B10.S macrophages. Addition of exogenous IL-12 p70 or IFN-β increased the resistance of SJL/J macrophages to TMEV infection. To assess MAP-kinases, macrophages were pretreated with the p38 MAP-kinase inhibitor SB203580 or extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERK) MAP-kinase inhibitor U0126 before TMEV infection. U0126 reduced SJL/J but increased B10.S macrophage expression of IL-12 p40 and p70 in response to TMEV. U0126 decreased the IL-12 p35 response of SJL/J macrophages. To assess TLR7, SJL/J and B10.S macrophages were stimulated with loxoribine, a TLR7 ligand. Loxoribine induced more IL-12 p70 production and p35 expression in B10.S than SJL/J macrophages. U0126 increased loxoribine-induced expression of IL-12 p40 and IL-12 p70 in B10.S but not SJL/J macrophages. Thus, differences in production of IL-12 p70 due to expression of the p35 subunit and in activity of TLR7, as well as activation of factors downstream of ERK MAP-kinases likely underlie the disparity in innate immunity between SJL/J and B10.S macrophages to TMEV.

AB - Differences in components of innate anti-viral immune responses may account for the contrast in susceptibility to Theiler's murine encephalomyelitis virus (TMEV) between SJL/J and B10.S mice. Herein, the expression of IL-12, interferon (IFN)-β, Toll-like receptors 3 (TLR3), TLR7, and mitogen-activated protein (MAP)-kinases was evaluated in SJL/J and B10.S macrophages infected with TMEV. Twenty-four hours after infection, SJL/J macrophages exhibited higher levels of TMEV RNA, IL-12 p40, and TLR3 but lower levels of IL-12 p70 and the IL-12 p35 subunit compared with B10.S macrophages. Addition of exogenous IL-12 p70 or IFN-β increased the resistance of SJL/J macrophages to TMEV infection. To assess MAP-kinases, macrophages were pretreated with the p38 MAP-kinase inhibitor SB203580 or extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERK) MAP-kinase inhibitor U0126 before TMEV infection. U0126 reduced SJL/J but increased B10.S macrophage expression of IL-12 p40 and p70 in response to TMEV. U0126 decreased the IL-12 p35 response of SJL/J macrophages. To assess TLR7, SJL/J and B10.S macrophages were stimulated with loxoribine, a TLR7 ligand. Loxoribine induced more IL-12 p70 production and p35 expression in B10.S than SJL/J macrophages. U0126 increased loxoribine-induced expression of IL-12 p40 and IL-12 p70 in B10.S but not SJL/J macrophages. Thus, differences in production of IL-12 p70 due to expression of the p35 subunit and in activity of TLR7, as well as activation of factors downstream of ERK MAP-kinases likely underlie the disparity in innate immunity between SJL/J and B10.S macrophages to TMEV.

KW - ERK1/2

KW - IL-12

KW - MAP-kinases

KW - TMEV

KW - Toll-like receptors

KW - p38

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=15244341962&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=15244341962&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.micinf.2004.10.014

DO - 10.1016/j.micinf.2004.10.014

M3 - Article

VL - 7

SP - 224

EP - 232

JO - Microbes and Infection

JF - Microbes and Infection

SN - 1286-4579

IS - 2

ER -