Disillusionment and Change: A Cognitive-Emotional Theory of Gang Exit

Bryan F. Bubolz, Pete Simi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Exit from street gangs has received increased attention in recent years; however, a number of important questions regarding the process of leaving remain unanswered. Relying on identity theory, we present a cognitive-emotional theory of gang exit that emphasizes functional dimensions of anger in terms of motivating individuals to pursue identity change related to gang membership. Specifically, anger provides gang members with an opportunity to identify the gang as a major source of their problems. According to identity theory, anger is generated when there is an inability to meet an identity standard. This article argues that an inability to meet identity goals produces disillusionment and anger, which reduces the relative importance of the gang identity and facilitates exit from gangs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)330-345
Number of pages16
JournalDeviant Behavior
Volume36
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 3 2015

Fingerprint

Anger
anger

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Law

Cite this

Disillusionment and Change : A Cognitive-Emotional Theory of Gang Exit. / Bubolz, Bryan F.; Simi, Pete.

In: Deviant Behavior, Vol. 36, No. 4, 03.04.2015, p. 330-345.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bubolz, Bryan F. ; Simi, Pete. / Disillusionment and Change : A Cognitive-Emotional Theory of Gang Exit. In: Deviant Behavior. 2015 ; Vol. 36, No. 4. pp. 330-345.
@article{ba5b8959439e4d55bf48dc8dfa04e853,
title = "Disillusionment and Change: A Cognitive-Emotional Theory of Gang Exit",
abstract = "Exit from street gangs has received increased attention in recent years; however, a number of important questions regarding the process of leaving remain unanswered. Relying on identity theory, we present a cognitive-emotional theory of gang exit that emphasizes functional dimensions of anger in terms of motivating individuals to pursue identity change related to gang membership. Specifically, anger provides gang members with an opportunity to identify the gang as a major source of their problems. According to identity theory, anger is generated when there is an inability to meet an identity standard. This article argues that an inability to meet identity goals produces disillusionment and anger, which reduces the relative importance of the gang identity and facilitates exit from gangs.",
author = "Bubolz, {Bryan F.} and Pete Simi",
year = "2015",
month = "4",
day = "3",
doi = "10.1080/01639625.2014.935655",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "36",
pages = "330--345",
journal = "Deviant Behavior",
issn = "0163-9625",
publisher = "Taylor and Francis Ltd.",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Disillusionment and Change

T2 - A Cognitive-Emotional Theory of Gang Exit

AU - Bubolz, Bryan F.

AU - Simi, Pete

PY - 2015/4/3

Y1 - 2015/4/3

N2 - Exit from street gangs has received increased attention in recent years; however, a number of important questions regarding the process of leaving remain unanswered. Relying on identity theory, we present a cognitive-emotional theory of gang exit that emphasizes functional dimensions of anger in terms of motivating individuals to pursue identity change related to gang membership. Specifically, anger provides gang members with an opportunity to identify the gang as a major source of their problems. According to identity theory, anger is generated when there is an inability to meet an identity standard. This article argues that an inability to meet identity goals produces disillusionment and anger, which reduces the relative importance of the gang identity and facilitates exit from gangs.

AB - Exit from street gangs has received increased attention in recent years; however, a number of important questions regarding the process of leaving remain unanswered. Relying on identity theory, we present a cognitive-emotional theory of gang exit that emphasizes functional dimensions of anger in terms of motivating individuals to pursue identity change related to gang membership. Specifically, anger provides gang members with an opportunity to identify the gang as a major source of their problems. According to identity theory, anger is generated when there is an inability to meet an identity standard. This article argues that an inability to meet identity goals produces disillusionment and anger, which reduces the relative importance of the gang identity and facilitates exit from gangs.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84924904886&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84924904886&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/01639625.2014.935655

DO - 10.1080/01639625.2014.935655

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84924904886

VL - 36

SP - 330

EP - 345

JO - Deviant Behavior

JF - Deviant Behavior

SN - 0163-9625

IS - 4

ER -