Direct reprogramming of Huntington's disease patient fibroblasts into neuron-like cells leads to abnormal neurite outgrowth, increased cell death, and aggregate formation

Yanying Liu, Yuanchao Xue, Samantha Ridley, Dong Zhang, Khosrow Rezvani, Xiang Dong Fu, Hongmin Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Recent advances in trans-differentiation of one type cell to another have made it possible to directly convert Huntington's disease (HD) patient fibroblasts into neurons by modulation of cell-lineage-specific transcription factors or RNA processing. However, this possibility has not been examined. Here, we demonstrate that HD patient-derived fibroblasts can be directly trans-differentiated into neuron-like cells by knockdown of the expression of a single gene encoding the polypyrimidine-tract-binding protein. The directly converted HD neuron-like cells were positive in expression of Tuj1, NeuN, DARPP-32, and c-aminobutyric acid and exhibited neuritic breakdown, abnormal neuritic branching, increased cell death, and aggregation of mutant huntingtin. These observations indicate that the neuron-like cells directly converted from HD patient fibroblasts recapitulate the major aspects of neuropathological characteristics of HD and thus provide an additional model for understanding the disorder and validation of therapeutic reagents.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere109621
JournalPloS one
Volume9
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2 2014

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neurites
Huntington Disease
Cell death
Fibroblasts
cell aggregates
Neurons
fibroblasts
cell death
Cell Death
neurons
cells
Polypyrimidine Tract-Binding Protein
Aminobutyrates
Cell Aggregation
Gene encoding
Cell Lineage
branching
binding proteins
Cell Differentiation
Transcription Factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

Cite this

Direct reprogramming of Huntington's disease patient fibroblasts into neuron-like cells leads to abnormal neurite outgrowth, increased cell death, and aggregate formation. / Liu, Yanying; Xue, Yuanchao; Ridley, Samantha; Zhang, Dong; Rezvani, Khosrow; Fu, Xiang Dong; Wang, Hongmin.

In: PloS one, Vol. 9, No. 10, e109621, 02.10.2014.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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