### Abstract

The dynamics of ideally polarizable spherical particles in concentrated suspensions under the effects of nonlinear electrokinetic phenomena is analysed using large-scale numerical simulations. Particles are assumed to carry no net charge and considered to undergo the combination of dielectrophoresis and induced-charge electrophoresis termed dipolophoresis. Chaotic motion and resulting hydrodynamic diffusion are known to be driven by the induced-charge electrophoresis, which dominates the dielectrophoresis. Up to a volume fraction , the particle dynamics seems to be hindered by the increase in the magnitude of excluded volume interactions with concentration. However, a non-trivial suspension behaviour is observed in concentrated regimes, where the hydrodynamic diffusivity starts to increase with the volume fraction at , before reaching a local maximum, and then drastically decreases on approaching random close packing. Similar non-trivial behaviours are observed in the particle velocity and number-density fluctuations around volume fractions at which the non-trivial behaviour of the hydrodynamic diffusion is observed. We explain these non-trivial behaviours as a consequence of particle contacts, which are related to the dominant mechanism of particle pairings. The particle contacts are classified into attractive and repulsive classes by the nature of contacts, and in particular, the strong repulsive contact becomes predominant at 20>. Moreover, this transition is visible in the pair distribution functions, which also reveal the change in the suspension microstructure in concentrated regimes. It appears that strong and massive repulsive contacts along the direction perpendicular to an electric field promote the non-trivial suspension behaviours observed in concentrated regimes.

Original language | English (US) |
---|---|

Pages (from-to) | R3 |

Journal | Journal of Fluid Mechanics |

Volume | 875 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - Sep 25 2019 |

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### Keywords

- Stokesian dynamics
- particle/fluid flow
- suspensions

### ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering

### Cite this

*Journal of Fluid Mechanics*,

*875*, R3. https://doi.org/10.1017/jfm.2019.539

**Dipolophoresis in concentrated suspensions of ideally polarizable spheres.** / Mirfendereski, Siamak; Park, Jae Sung.

Research output: Contribution to journal › Article

*Journal of Fluid Mechanics*, vol. 875, pp. R3. https://doi.org/10.1017/jfm.2019.539

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Dipolophoresis in concentrated suspensions of ideally polarizable spheres

AU - Mirfendereski, Siamak

AU - Park, Jae Sung

PY - 2019/9/25

Y1 - 2019/9/25

N2 - The dynamics of ideally polarizable spherical particles in concentrated suspensions under the effects of nonlinear electrokinetic phenomena is analysed using large-scale numerical simulations. Particles are assumed to carry no net charge and considered to undergo the combination of dielectrophoresis and induced-charge electrophoresis termed dipolophoresis. Chaotic motion and resulting hydrodynamic diffusion are known to be driven by the induced-charge electrophoresis, which dominates the dielectrophoresis. Up to a volume fraction , the particle dynamics seems to be hindered by the increase in the magnitude of excluded volume interactions with concentration. However, a non-trivial suspension behaviour is observed in concentrated regimes, where the hydrodynamic diffusivity starts to increase with the volume fraction at , before reaching a local maximum, and then drastically decreases on approaching random close packing. Similar non-trivial behaviours are observed in the particle velocity and number-density fluctuations around volume fractions at which the non-trivial behaviour of the hydrodynamic diffusion is observed. We explain these non-trivial behaviours as a consequence of particle contacts, which are related to the dominant mechanism of particle pairings. The particle contacts are classified into attractive and repulsive classes by the nature of contacts, and in particular, the strong repulsive contact becomes predominant at 20>. Moreover, this transition is visible in the pair distribution functions, which also reveal the change in the suspension microstructure in concentrated regimes. It appears that strong and massive repulsive contacts along the direction perpendicular to an electric field promote the non-trivial suspension behaviours observed in concentrated regimes.

AB - The dynamics of ideally polarizable spherical particles in concentrated suspensions under the effects of nonlinear electrokinetic phenomena is analysed using large-scale numerical simulations. Particles are assumed to carry no net charge and considered to undergo the combination of dielectrophoresis and induced-charge electrophoresis termed dipolophoresis. Chaotic motion and resulting hydrodynamic diffusion are known to be driven by the induced-charge electrophoresis, which dominates the dielectrophoresis. Up to a volume fraction , the particle dynamics seems to be hindered by the increase in the magnitude of excluded volume interactions with concentration. However, a non-trivial suspension behaviour is observed in concentrated regimes, where the hydrodynamic diffusivity starts to increase with the volume fraction at , before reaching a local maximum, and then drastically decreases on approaching random close packing. Similar non-trivial behaviours are observed in the particle velocity and number-density fluctuations around volume fractions at which the non-trivial behaviour of the hydrodynamic diffusion is observed. We explain these non-trivial behaviours as a consequence of particle contacts, which are related to the dominant mechanism of particle pairings. The particle contacts are classified into attractive and repulsive classes by the nature of contacts, and in particular, the strong repulsive contact becomes predominant at 20>. Moreover, this transition is visible in the pair distribution functions, which also reveal the change in the suspension microstructure in concentrated regimes. It appears that strong and massive repulsive contacts along the direction perpendicular to an electric field promote the non-trivial suspension behaviours observed in concentrated regimes.

KW - Stokesian dynamics

KW - particle/fluid flow

KW - suspensions

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85073106121&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85073106121&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1017/jfm.2019.539

DO - 10.1017/jfm.2019.539

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85073106121

VL - 875

SP - R3

JO - Journal of Fluid Mechanics

JF - Journal of Fluid Mechanics

SN - 0022-1120

ER -