Dipolophoresis in concentrated suspensions of ideally polarizable spheres

Siamak Mirfendereski, Jae Sung Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The dynamics of ideally polarizable spherical particles in concentrated suspensions under the effects of nonlinear electrokinetic phenomena is analysed using large-scale numerical simulations. Particles are assumed to carry no net charge and considered to undergo the combination of dielectrophoresis and induced-charge electrophoresis termed dipolophoresis. Chaotic motion and resulting hydrodynamic diffusion are known to be driven by the induced-charge electrophoresis, which dominates the dielectrophoresis. Up to a volume fraction , the particle dynamics seems to be hindered by the increase in the magnitude of excluded volume interactions with concentration. However, a non-trivial suspension behaviour is observed in concentrated regimes, where the hydrodynamic diffusivity starts to increase with the volume fraction at , before reaching a local maximum, and then drastically decreases on approaching random close packing. Similar non-trivial behaviours are observed in the particle velocity and number-density fluctuations around volume fractions at which the non-trivial behaviour of the hydrodynamic diffusion is observed. We explain these non-trivial behaviours as a consequence of particle contacts, which are related to the dominant mechanism of particle pairings. The particle contacts are classified into attractive and repulsive classes by the nature of contacts, and in particular, the strong repulsive contact becomes predominant at 20>. Moreover, this transition is visible in the pair distribution functions, which also reveal the change in the suspension microstructure in concentrated regimes. It appears that strong and massive repulsive contacts along the direction perpendicular to an electric field promote the non-trivial suspension behaviours observed in concentrated regimes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)R3
JournalJournal of Fluid Mechanics
Volume875
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 25 2019

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Electrophoresis
Volume fraction
Hydrodynamics
hydrodynamics
electrophoresis
Distribution functions
Electric fields
electrokinetics
Microstructure
Computer simulation
diffusivity
distribution functions
microstructure
electric fields
simulation
interactions

Keywords

  • Stokesian dynamics
  • particle/fluid flow
  • suspensions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Dipolophoresis in concentrated suspensions of ideally polarizable spheres. / Mirfendereski, Siamak; Park, Jae Sung.

In: Journal of Fluid Mechanics, Vol. 875, 25.09.2019, p. R3.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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