Differentiating withdrawal patterns between smokers and smokeless tobacco users

Dennis E. McChargue, Frank L. Collins

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The present study was designed to document smokeless tobacco withdrawal patterns and to examine differential withdrawal responses between smokers and smokeless users. Participants (N = 19) were studied under deprivation and nondeprivation conditions, 1 condition per week. The Withdrawal Symptoms Checklist was administered to assess cognitive and affective changes. Both smokers and smokeless users experienced substantially more withdrawal at 48- hr deprivation compared to the 48-hr nondeprivation condition. Participants in both groups endorsed decreasingly fewer withdrawal symptoms from 0 hr to 48 hr on nondeprivation days. This downward trend suggests a need for stabilizing withdrawal responses before deprivation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)205-208
Number of pages4
JournalExperimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology
Volume6
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 13 1998

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Pharmacology (medical)

Cite this

Differentiating withdrawal patterns between smokers and smokeless tobacco users. / McChargue, Dennis E.; Collins, Frank L.

In: Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology, Vol. 6, No. 2, 13.06.1998, p. 205-208.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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