Differential gene expression related to Nora virus infection of Drosophila melanogaster

Ethan J. Cordes, Kellie D. Licking-Murray, Kim A Carlson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Nora virus is a recently discovered RNA picorna-like virus that produces a persistent infection in Drosophila melanogaster, but the antiviral pathway or change in gene expression is unknown. We performed cDNA microarray analysis comparing the gene expression profiles of Nora virus infected and uninfected wild-type D. melanogaster. This analysis yielded 58 genes exhibiting a 1.5-fold change or greater and p-value less than 0.01. Of these genes, 46 were up-regulated and 12 down-regulated in response to infection. To validate the microarray results, qRT-PCR was performed with probes for Chorion protein 16 and Troponin C isoform 4, which show good correspondence with cDNA microarray results. Differential regulation of genes associated with Toll and immune-deficient pathways, cytoskeletal development, Janus Kinase-Signal Transducer and Activator of Transcription interactions, and a potential gut-specific innate immune response were found. This genome-wide expression profile of Nora virus infection of D. melanogaster can pinpoint genes of interest for further investigation of antiviral pathways employed, genetic mechanisms, sites of replication, viral persistence, and developmental effects.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)95-100
Number of pages6
JournalVirus Research
Volume175
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2013

Fingerprint

Virus Diseases
Drosophila melanogaster
Gene Expression
Viruses
Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis
Genes
Antiviral Agents
Troponin C
Janus Kinases
Microarray Analysis
Protein C
Infection
Transducers
Transcriptome
Innate Immunity
Protein Isoforms
Genome
RNA
Polymerase Chain Reaction

Keywords

  • CDNA microarray
  • Gut immunity
  • Nora virus
  • RNA viruses

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Virology
  • Infectious Diseases

Cite this

Differential gene expression related to Nora virus infection of Drosophila melanogaster. / Cordes, Ethan J.; Licking-Murray, Kellie D.; Carlson, Kim A.

In: Virus Research, Vol. 175, No. 2, 01.08.2013, p. 95-100.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Cordes, Ethan J. ; Licking-Murray, Kellie D. ; Carlson, Kim A. / Differential gene expression related to Nora virus infection of Drosophila melanogaster. In: Virus Research. 2013 ; Vol. 175, No. 2. pp. 95-100.
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