Differences in the log-transformed electromyographic-force relationships of the plantar flexors between high- and moderate-activated subjects

Trent J. Herda, Ashley A. Walter, Pablo B. Costa, Eric D. Ryan, Jeffrey R. Stout, Joel T. Cramer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The present study examined the log-transformed electromyographic amplitude (EMG) versus force relationships for the medial gastrocnemius (MG) and soleus (SOL) in high- and moderate-activated subjects. Twenty-five (age. = 21 ± 2. year; mass. = 62 ± 12. kg) participants performed six submaximal contractions (30-90% maximal voluntary contraction [MVC]) with the interpolated twitch technique (ITT) performed at 90% MVC to calculate percent voluntary activation (% VA). Sixteen participants with > 90% VA at 90% MVC were categorized high-activated group; the remaining nine were the moderate-activated group. Linear regression models were fit to the log-transformed EMG-force relationships. The slope (b value) and the antilog of the Y-intercept (a value) were calculated. The b values from the MG EMG-force relationships were higher (P< 0.05) for the high-activated group (1.27 ± 0.13) than the moderate-activated group (0.88 ± 0.06). The a values and p-p M-wave amplitude values (collapsed across twitches [superimposed and potentiated]) were larger (P< 0.05) for the MG (1.17 ± 0.40 and 8.98 ± 0.46. mV) than the SOL (0.24 ± 0.07 and 4.48 ± 0.20. mV) when collapsed across groups. The b value from the log-transformed EMG-force relationships is an attractive model to determine if a subject has the ability to achieve high activation of their MG without muscle or nerve stimulation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)841-846
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
Volume21
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2011

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Linear Models
Skeletal Muscle

Keywords

  • EMG
  • Motor unit activation strategies
  • Voluntary activation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience (miscellaneous)
  • Biophysics
  • Clinical Neurology

Cite this

Differences in the log-transformed electromyographic-force relationships of the plantar flexors between high- and moderate-activated subjects. / Herda, Trent J.; Walter, Ashley A.; Costa, Pablo B.; Ryan, Eric D.; Stout, Jeffrey R.; Cramer, Joel T.

In: Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology, Vol. 21, No. 5, 01.10.2011, p. 841-846.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Herda, Trent J. ; Walter, Ashley A. ; Costa, Pablo B. ; Ryan, Eric D. ; Stout, Jeffrey R. ; Cramer, Joel T. / Differences in the log-transformed electromyographic-force relationships of the plantar flexors between high- and moderate-activated subjects. In: Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology. 2011 ; Vol. 21, No. 5. pp. 841-846.
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abstract = "The present study examined the log-transformed electromyographic amplitude (EMG) versus force relationships for the medial gastrocnemius (MG) and soleus (SOL) in high- and moderate-activated subjects. Twenty-five (age. = 21 ± 2. year; mass. = 62 ± 12. kg) participants performed six submaximal contractions (30-90{\%} maximal voluntary contraction [MVC]) with the interpolated twitch technique (ITT) performed at 90{\%} MVC to calculate percent voluntary activation ({\%} VA). Sixteen participants with > 90{\%} VA at 90{\%} MVC were categorized high-activated group; the remaining nine were the moderate-activated group. Linear regression models were fit to the log-transformed EMG-force relationships. The slope (b value) and the antilog of the Y-intercept (a value) were calculated. The b values from the MG EMG-force relationships were higher (P< 0.05) for the high-activated group (1.27 ± 0.13) than the moderate-activated group (0.88 ± 0.06). The a values and p-p M-wave amplitude values (collapsed across twitches [superimposed and potentiated]) were larger (P< 0.05) for the MG (1.17 ± 0.40 and 8.98 ± 0.46. mV) than the SOL (0.24 ± 0.07 and 4.48 ± 0.20. mV) when collapsed across groups. The b value from the log-transformed EMG-force relationships is an attractive model to determine if a subject has the ability to achieve high activation of their MG without muscle or nerve stimulation.",
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