Differences in Fruit and Vegetable Intake among Hispanic Subgroups in California

Results from the 2005 California Health Interview Survey

Uriyoán Colón-Ramos, Frances E. Thompson, Amy L Yaroch, Richard P. Moser, Timothy S. McNeel, Kevin W. Dodd, Audie A. Atienza, Sharon B. Sugerman, Linda Nebeling

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To compare total fruit and vegetable intake in cup equivalents and its individual components among Hispanic subgroups in California. Methods: Data are from the adult portion of the 2005 California Health Interview Survey. Hispanic/Latino subjects (n=7,954) were grouped into six subcategories (Mexican, Central American, Caribbean, Spanish American, South American, and >1 group). Total fruit and vegetable intake in cup equivalents was estimated from frequency responses about seven food categories. Both t test and χ2 test were used to assess differences in sociodemographic characteristics across Hispanic subgroups. Multivariate linear regressions using SUDAAN software (Survey Data Analysis, version 9.0.1, 2005, Research Triangle Institute, Research Triangle Park, NC) were conducted to obtain means of total fruit and vegetable intake in cup equivalents and its components by Hispanic subgroups controlling for confounders. Results: Hispanic subgroups did not differ in their intake of total fruit and vegetable intake in cup equivalents (mean 3.4 c and 2.9 c for men and women, respectively). Small but significant differences (P<0.01) were found across Hispanic subgroups in individual fruit and vegetable components (green salad [women only], cooked dried beans and nonfried white potatoes) after adjusting for potential sociodemographic and acculturation confounders. Conclusions: Fruit and vegetable intake by Hispanic respondents did not meet the national recommendation, although their reported intake is higher compared to other race/ethnicity groups. The public health message remains the same: Increase fruit and vegetable intake. Examination of intake for subgroups of Hispanics may enhance the utility of dietary information for surveillance, program and message design, and intervention and evaluation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1878-1885
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the American Dietetic Association
Volume109
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2009

Fingerprint

vegetable consumption
fruit consumption
Health Surveys
Hispanic Americans
Vegetables
interviews
Fruit
Interviews
acculturation
dry beans
sociodemographic characteristics
green leafy vegetables
nationalities and ethnic groups
Acculturation
data analysis
public health
Solanum tuberosum
vegetables
potatoes
Linear Models

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Cite this

Differences in Fruit and Vegetable Intake among Hispanic Subgroups in California : Results from the 2005 California Health Interview Survey. / Colón-Ramos, Uriyoán; Thompson, Frances E.; Yaroch, Amy L; Moser, Richard P.; McNeel, Timothy S.; Dodd, Kevin W.; Atienza, Audie A.; Sugerman, Sharon B.; Nebeling, Linda.

In: Journal of the American Dietetic Association, Vol. 109, No. 11, 01.11.2009, p. 1878-1885.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Colón-Ramos, U, Thompson, FE, Yaroch, AL, Moser, RP, McNeel, TS, Dodd, KW, Atienza, AA, Sugerman, SB & Nebeling, L 2009, 'Differences in Fruit and Vegetable Intake among Hispanic Subgroups in California: Results from the 2005 California Health Interview Survey', Journal of the American Dietetic Association, vol. 109, no. 11, pp. 1878-1885. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jada.2009.08.015
Colón-Ramos, Uriyoán ; Thompson, Frances E. ; Yaroch, Amy L ; Moser, Richard P. ; McNeel, Timothy S. ; Dodd, Kevin W. ; Atienza, Audie A. ; Sugerman, Sharon B. ; Nebeling, Linda. / Differences in Fruit and Vegetable Intake among Hispanic Subgroups in California : Results from the 2005 California Health Interview Survey. In: Journal of the American Dietetic Association. 2009 ; Vol. 109, No. 11. pp. 1878-1885.
@article{269758b10ae248ec8b515fdfdf5c64be,
title = "Differences in Fruit and Vegetable Intake among Hispanic Subgroups in California: Results from the 2005 California Health Interview Survey",
abstract = "Objective: To compare total fruit and vegetable intake in cup equivalents and its individual components among Hispanic subgroups in California. Methods: Data are from the adult portion of the 2005 California Health Interview Survey. Hispanic/Latino subjects (n=7,954) were grouped into six subcategories (Mexican, Central American, Caribbean, Spanish American, South American, and >1 group). Total fruit and vegetable intake in cup equivalents was estimated from frequency responses about seven food categories. Both t test and χ2 test were used to assess differences in sociodemographic characteristics across Hispanic subgroups. Multivariate linear regressions using SUDAAN software (Survey Data Analysis, version 9.0.1, 2005, Research Triangle Institute, Research Triangle Park, NC) were conducted to obtain means of total fruit and vegetable intake in cup equivalents and its components by Hispanic subgroups controlling for confounders. Results: Hispanic subgroups did not differ in their intake of total fruit and vegetable intake in cup equivalents (mean 3.4 c and 2.9 c for men and women, respectively). Small but significant differences (P<0.01) were found across Hispanic subgroups in individual fruit and vegetable components (green salad [women only], cooked dried beans and nonfried white potatoes) after adjusting for potential sociodemographic and acculturation confounders. Conclusions: Fruit and vegetable intake by Hispanic respondents did not meet the national recommendation, although their reported intake is higher compared to other race/ethnicity groups. The public health message remains the same: Increase fruit and vegetable intake. Examination of intake for subgroups of Hispanics may enhance the utility of dietary information for surveillance, program and message design, and intervention and evaluation.",
author = "Uriyo{\'a}n Col{\'o}n-Ramos and Thompson, {Frances E.} and Yaroch, {Amy L} and Moser, {Richard P.} and McNeel, {Timothy S.} and Dodd, {Kevin W.} and Atienza, {Audie A.} and Sugerman, {Sharon B.} and Linda Nebeling",
year = "2009",
month = "11",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.jada.2009.08.015",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "109",
pages = "1878--1885",
journal = "Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics",
issn = "2212-2672",
publisher = "Elsevier USA",
number = "11",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Differences in Fruit and Vegetable Intake among Hispanic Subgroups in California

T2 - Results from the 2005 California Health Interview Survey

AU - Colón-Ramos, Uriyoán

AU - Thompson, Frances E.

AU - Yaroch, Amy L

AU - Moser, Richard P.

AU - McNeel, Timothy S.

AU - Dodd, Kevin W.

AU - Atienza, Audie A.

AU - Sugerman, Sharon B.

AU - Nebeling, Linda

PY - 2009/11/1

Y1 - 2009/11/1

N2 - Objective: To compare total fruit and vegetable intake in cup equivalents and its individual components among Hispanic subgroups in California. Methods: Data are from the adult portion of the 2005 California Health Interview Survey. Hispanic/Latino subjects (n=7,954) were grouped into six subcategories (Mexican, Central American, Caribbean, Spanish American, South American, and >1 group). Total fruit and vegetable intake in cup equivalents was estimated from frequency responses about seven food categories. Both t test and χ2 test were used to assess differences in sociodemographic characteristics across Hispanic subgroups. Multivariate linear regressions using SUDAAN software (Survey Data Analysis, version 9.0.1, 2005, Research Triangle Institute, Research Triangle Park, NC) were conducted to obtain means of total fruit and vegetable intake in cup equivalents and its components by Hispanic subgroups controlling for confounders. Results: Hispanic subgroups did not differ in their intake of total fruit and vegetable intake in cup equivalents (mean 3.4 c and 2.9 c for men and women, respectively). Small but significant differences (P<0.01) were found across Hispanic subgroups in individual fruit and vegetable components (green salad [women only], cooked dried beans and nonfried white potatoes) after adjusting for potential sociodemographic and acculturation confounders. Conclusions: Fruit and vegetable intake by Hispanic respondents did not meet the national recommendation, although their reported intake is higher compared to other race/ethnicity groups. The public health message remains the same: Increase fruit and vegetable intake. Examination of intake for subgroups of Hispanics may enhance the utility of dietary information for surveillance, program and message design, and intervention and evaluation.

AB - Objective: To compare total fruit and vegetable intake in cup equivalents and its individual components among Hispanic subgroups in California. Methods: Data are from the adult portion of the 2005 California Health Interview Survey. Hispanic/Latino subjects (n=7,954) were grouped into six subcategories (Mexican, Central American, Caribbean, Spanish American, South American, and >1 group). Total fruit and vegetable intake in cup equivalents was estimated from frequency responses about seven food categories. Both t test and χ2 test were used to assess differences in sociodemographic characteristics across Hispanic subgroups. Multivariate linear regressions using SUDAAN software (Survey Data Analysis, version 9.0.1, 2005, Research Triangle Institute, Research Triangle Park, NC) were conducted to obtain means of total fruit and vegetable intake in cup equivalents and its components by Hispanic subgroups controlling for confounders. Results: Hispanic subgroups did not differ in their intake of total fruit and vegetable intake in cup equivalents (mean 3.4 c and 2.9 c for men and women, respectively). Small but significant differences (P<0.01) were found across Hispanic subgroups in individual fruit and vegetable components (green salad [women only], cooked dried beans and nonfried white potatoes) after adjusting for potential sociodemographic and acculturation confounders. Conclusions: Fruit and vegetable intake by Hispanic respondents did not meet the national recommendation, although their reported intake is higher compared to other race/ethnicity groups. The public health message remains the same: Increase fruit and vegetable intake. Examination of intake for subgroups of Hispanics may enhance the utility of dietary information for surveillance, program and message design, and intervention and evaluation.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=70350437414&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=70350437414&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.jada.2009.08.015

DO - 10.1016/j.jada.2009.08.015

M3 - Article

VL - 109

SP - 1878

EP - 1885

JO - Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics

JF - Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics

SN - 2212-2672

IS - 11

ER -