Dietary energy restriction‐induced modulation of protein kinase C ζ isozyme in the hamster pancreas

Satish C. Nair, Ilia A. Toshkov, Ann L. Yaktine, Tracy D. Barnett, William G. Chaney, Diane F. Birt

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Abstract

Dietary restriction in experimental animals enhances life span, delays disease, inhibits immunological perturbations, and ameliorates cancer. Protein kinase C(a) isozymes mediate signals generated by hormones, growth factors, and neurotransmitters for cell proliferation and differentiation. The results of our study showed that a C‐terminally directed anti‐PKC ζ antibody detected an 81–kDa band in the pancreases of control and energy‐restricted hamsters. Syrian golden hamsters were fed energy‐restricted diets formulated such that the hamsters received 90%(10% energy restriction(a) ), 80%(20% ER), or 60%(40% ER) of the total energy consumed by control hamsters, with the energy reduced proportionally from fat and carbohydrate. ER decreased PKC ζ isozyme levels by 40–75% in hamsters fed 10, 20, and 40% ER diets for 8 wk. PKC ζ isozyme expression was decreased by 75–80% in hamsters fed ER diets for 15 wk. Although ER caused significant decreases in PKC ζ isozyme levels compared with those of control hamsters at both time points, the relative differences in PKC ζ levels between the dietary ER groups(10, 20, and 40%) were small and not significant. A significant decrease in the body weights of ER animals compared with those of controls was observed at both time points. No differences in tomato lectin and phytohemagglutinin reactivity were observed between control animals and animals fed 10, 20, and 40% ER diets. Furthermore, the cellular expression of PKC ζ in the hamster pancreas did not differ among hamsters fed the various ER diets. These observations may be important for understanding not only the role of dietary ER in pancreatic cancers but also PKC ζ signal transduction mechanisms in normal pancreatic physiology.© 1995 Wiley‐Liss, Inc

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)10-15
Number of pages6
JournalMolecular Carcinogenesis
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1995

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Keywords

  • Pancreatic carcinogenesis
  • immunohistochemistry
  • lectins
  • western blot

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cancer Research

Cite this

Nair, S. C., Toshkov, I. A., Yaktine, A. L., Barnett, T. D., Chaney, W. G., & Birt, D. F. (1995). Dietary energy restriction‐induced modulation of protein kinase C ζ isozyme in the hamster pancreas. Molecular Carcinogenesis, 14(1), 10-15. https://doi.org/10.1002/mc.2940140104