Dietary acculturation and body composition predict American Mmong children's blood pressure

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: Determine how dietary acculturation, anthropometric measures (height, weight, circumferences, and skinfolds), body mass index (BMI), and waist hip ratios (WHRs) are associated with blood pressure (BP) measures in Hmong children living in Minnesota. Methods: Acculturation was measured using responses to questions regarding language usage, social connections, and diet. Dietary assessment was completed using the multiple-pass 24-h dietary recall method on two different days. Anthropometric and BP measurement were taken using standard procedures, and BMI and WHR were calculated. Data analyses included descriptive statistics, ANOVA, and stepwise regression analyses. Results: Using stepwise regression analysis, hip circumference (HC) predicted boys' systolic (S)BP (R 2 = 0.55). For girls' SBP, mid-upper arm circumference, WHR, low calcium consumption, and height percentile jointly explained 41% of the total variation. Mid upper arm circumference (MAC) and carbohydrate consumption predicted 35% of the variance for boys' diastolic (D)BP, and HC, dairy consumption, and calcium intake predicted 31% of the total variance for girls' DBP. Responses to dietary acculturation questions revealed between group differences for breakfast with half of the younger Born-Thailand/Laos (Born-T/L) consuming mostly Hmong food, while at dinner Born-US consumed a mixed diet and Born-T/L were more likely to consume Hmong food. Conclusion: Dietary acculturation and body composition predict Hmong children's BP.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)666-674
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican Journal of Human Biology
Volume24
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2012

Fingerprint

acculturation
Acculturation
Body Composition
hips
blood pressure
body composition
blood
Waist-Hip Ratio
waist
Blood Pressure
Laos
arm circumference
Thailand
body mass
body mass index
Hip
food
Body Mass Index
Arm
language usage

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anatomy
  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Anthropology
  • Genetics

Cite this

Dietary acculturation and body composition predict American Mmong children's blood pressure. / Smith, Chery; Franzen-Castle, Lisa D.

In: American Journal of Human Biology, Vol. 24, No. 5, 01.09.2012, p. 666-674.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{721ee0f078674ae4a7ac45de20ad2e41,
title = "Dietary acculturation and body composition predict American Mmong children's blood pressure",
abstract = "Objectives: Determine how dietary acculturation, anthropometric measures (height, weight, circumferences, and skinfolds), body mass index (BMI), and waist hip ratios (WHRs) are associated with blood pressure (BP) measures in Hmong children living in Minnesota. Methods: Acculturation was measured using responses to questions regarding language usage, social connections, and diet. Dietary assessment was completed using the multiple-pass 24-h dietary recall method on two different days. Anthropometric and BP measurement were taken using standard procedures, and BMI and WHR were calculated. Data analyses included descriptive statistics, ANOVA, and stepwise regression analyses. Results: Using stepwise regression analysis, hip circumference (HC) predicted boys' systolic (S)BP (R 2 = 0.55). For girls' SBP, mid-upper arm circumference, WHR, low calcium consumption, and height percentile jointly explained 41{\%} of the total variation. Mid upper arm circumference (MAC) and carbohydrate consumption predicted 35{\%} of the variance for boys' diastolic (D)BP, and HC, dairy consumption, and calcium intake predicted 31{\%} of the total variance for girls' DBP. Responses to dietary acculturation questions revealed between group differences for breakfast with half of the younger Born-Thailand/Laos (Born-T/L) consuming mostly Hmong food, while at dinner Born-US consumed a mixed diet and Born-T/L were more likely to consume Hmong food. Conclusion: Dietary acculturation and body composition predict Hmong children's BP.",
author = "Chery Smith and Franzen-Castle, {Lisa D}",
year = "2012",
month = "9",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1002/ajhb.22295",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "24",
pages = "666--674",
journal = "American Journal of Human Biology",
issn = "1042-0533",
publisher = "Wiley-Liss Inc.",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Dietary acculturation and body composition predict American Mmong children's blood pressure

AU - Smith, Chery

AU - Franzen-Castle, Lisa D

PY - 2012/9/1

Y1 - 2012/9/1

N2 - Objectives: Determine how dietary acculturation, anthropometric measures (height, weight, circumferences, and skinfolds), body mass index (BMI), and waist hip ratios (WHRs) are associated with blood pressure (BP) measures in Hmong children living in Minnesota. Methods: Acculturation was measured using responses to questions regarding language usage, social connections, and diet. Dietary assessment was completed using the multiple-pass 24-h dietary recall method on two different days. Anthropometric and BP measurement were taken using standard procedures, and BMI and WHR were calculated. Data analyses included descriptive statistics, ANOVA, and stepwise regression analyses. Results: Using stepwise regression analysis, hip circumference (HC) predicted boys' systolic (S)BP (R 2 = 0.55). For girls' SBP, mid-upper arm circumference, WHR, low calcium consumption, and height percentile jointly explained 41% of the total variation. Mid upper arm circumference (MAC) and carbohydrate consumption predicted 35% of the variance for boys' diastolic (D)BP, and HC, dairy consumption, and calcium intake predicted 31% of the total variance for girls' DBP. Responses to dietary acculturation questions revealed between group differences for breakfast with half of the younger Born-Thailand/Laos (Born-T/L) consuming mostly Hmong food, while at dinner Born-US consumed a mixed diet and Born-T/L were more likely to consume Hmong food. Conclusion: Dietary acculturation and body composition predict Hmong children's BP.

AB - Objectives: Determine how dietary acculturation, anthropometric measures (height, weight, circumferences, and skinfolds), body mass index (BMI), and waist hip ratios (WHRs) are associated with blood pressure (BP) measures in Hmong children living in Minnesota. Methods: Acculturation was measured using responses to questions regarding language usage, social connections, and diet. Dietary assessment was completed using the multiple-pass 24-h dietary recall method on two different days. Anthropometric and BP measurement were taken using standard procedures, and BMI and WHR were calculated. Data analyses included descriptive statistics, ANOVA, and stepwise regression analyses. Results: Using stepwise regression analysis, hip circumference (HC) predicted boys' systolic (S)BP (R 2 = 0.55). For girls' SBP, mid-upper arm circumference, WHR, low calcium consumption, and height percentile jointly explained 41% of the total variation. Mid upper arm circumference (MAC) and carbohydrate consumption predicted 35% of the variance for boys' diastolic (D)BP, and HC, dairy consumption, and calcium intake predicted 31% of the total variance for girls' DBP. Responses to dietary acculturation questions revealed between group differences for breakfast with half of the younger Born-Thailand/Laos (Born-T/L) consuming mostly Hmong food, while at dinner Born-US consumed a mixed diet and Born-T/L were more likely to consume Hmong food. Conclusion: Dietary acculturation and body composition predict Hmong children's BP.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84865149604&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84865149604&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1002/ajhb.22295

DO - 10.1002/ajhb.22295

M3 - Article

VL - 24

SP - 666

EP - 674

JO - American Journal of Human Biology

JF - American Journal of Human Biology

SN - 1042-0533

IS - 5

ER -