Diabetic retinopathy: An overview for non-ophthalmologists

Quan Dong Nguyen, Diana V. Do

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Nearly all patients with type 1 diabetes, and most with type 2 diabetes, eventually develop diabetic eye diseases, including diabetic retinopathy. Even in the advanced stages, diabetic retinopathy can be asymptomatic; yet it is the leading cause of new cases of blindness among working-age US adults. This article describes various ocular signs of diabetic retinopathy, such as microaneurysms, hard exudates, intraretinal hemorrhages, and cotton wool spots, all of which are visible on direct ophthalmoscopy and should trigger prompt consultation with an ophthalmologist. Referral of patients with diabetes to ophthalmologists for regular dilated eye examinations also is vital, as timely treatment can preserve vision in many patients. Additional ways in which physicians can help control or prevent progression of diabetic retinopathy include strict control of blood glucose, body weight, cholesterol, and blood pressure. A team approach to prevention and diagnosis gives patients with diabetes the best opportunity to preserve their vision.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)214-222
Number of pages9
JournalAdvanced Studies in Medicine
Volume3
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 1 2003

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Diabetic Retinopathy
Referral and Consultation
Ophthalmoscopy
Eye Diseases
Wool
Exudates and Transudates
Blindness
Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Blood Glucose
Cholesterol
Body Weight
Hemorrhage
Blood Pressure
Physicians
Ophthalmologists
Therapeutics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Diabetic retinopathy : An overview for non-ophthalmologists. / Nguyen, Quan Dong; Do, Diana V.

In: Advanced Studies in Medicine, Vol. 3, No. 4, 01.04.2003, p. 214-222.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Nguyen, QD & Do, DV 2003, 'Diabetic retinopathy: An overview for non-ophthalmologists', Advanced Studies in Medicine, vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 214-222.
Nguyen, Quan Dong ; Do, Diana V. / Diabetic retinopathy : An overview for non-ophthalmologists. In: Advanced Studies in Medicine. 2003 ; Vol. 3, No. 4. pp. 214-222.
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