Development of heterosexual relationships in wied's black tufted‐ear marmosets (Callithrix kuhli)

Colleen M. Schaffner, Rebecca E. Shepherd, Cristina V. Santos, Jeffrey A. French

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

53 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In tamarins and marmosets, long‐term stable sociosexual relationships are formed between heterosexual adults, but these “monogamous” relationships are often formed in groups that contain multiple adults of both sexes. The patterning of interactions during pair formation may therefore be shaped by this demographic profile. We evaluated the development of sociosexual relationships in six captive pairs of Wied's black tufted‐ear marmosets (Callithrix kuhli) during the 80 days from the initial day of pairing. Social behavior, sexual behavior and activity profiles were recorded. Social behaviors, including allogrooming, grooming solicitation, and intragroup monitoring calls, increased across the four 20‐day time blocks. Males were more responsible than females for maintaining intrapair proximity during the first 40 days of pairing. Females and males were equally responsible for intrapair proximity maintenance after this time. The highest rates of sexual behavior, including copulation and proceptive open mouth displays, occurred upon pairing and then decreased non‐significantly over time. The results indicate that sexual relationships in callitrichid primates are not dependent on the prior existence of a social relationship between males and females. Higher rates of copulation, greater male responsibility for proximity maintenance, and male initiative in sexual interactions early in pairing are consistent with a male reproductive strategy in which male‐male competition may be common. © 1995 Wiley‐Liss, Inc.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)185-200
Number of pages16
JournalAmerican Journal of Primatology
Volume36
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1995

Fingerprint

Callithrix
Callitrichidae
sexual behavior
social behavior
copulation
grooming
primate
reproductive strategy
mouth
Primates
demographic statistics
monitoring
gender

Keywords

  • Callithrix kuhli
  • callitrichids
  • development
  • heterosexual social relationships
  • sexual behavior

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Animal Science and Zoology

Cite this

Development of heterosexual relationships in wied's black tufted‐ear marmosets (Callithrix kuhli). / Schaffner, Colleen M.; Shepherd, Rebecca E.; Santos, Cristina V.; French, Jeffrey A.

In: American Journal of Primatology, Vol. 36, No. 3, 1995, p. 185-200.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Schaffner, Colleen M. ; Shepherd, Rebecca E. ; Santos, Cristina V. ; French, Jeffrey A. / Development of heterosexual relationships in wied's black tufted‐ear marmosets (Callithrix kuhli). In: American Journal of Primatology. 1995 ; Vol. 36, No. 3. pp. 185-200.
@article{d416f620c41b4a74bf59ce00562b2fff,
title = "Development of heterosexual relationships in wied's black tufted‐ear marmosets (Callithrix kuhli)",
abstract = "In tamarins and marmosets, long‐term stable sociosexual relationships are formed between heterosexual adults, but these “monogamous” relationships are often formed in groups that contain multiple adults of both sexes. The patterning of interactions during pair formation may therefore be shaped by this demographic profile. We evaluated the development of sociosexual relationships in six captive pairs of Wied's black tufted‐ear marmosets (Callithrix kuhli) during the 80 days from the initial day of pairing. Social behavior, sexual behavior and activity profiles were recorded. Social behaviors, including allogrooming, grooming solicitation, and intragroup monitoring calls, increased across the four 20‐day time blocks. Males were more responsible than females for maintaining intrapair proximity during the first 40 days of pairing. Females and males were equally responsible for intrapair proximity maintenance after this time. The highest rates of sexual behavior, including copulation and proceptive open mouth displays, occurred upon pairing and then decreased non‐significantly over time. The results indicate that sexual relationships in callitrichid primates are not dependent on the prior existence of a social relationship between males and females. Higher rates of copulation, greater male responsibility for proximity maintenance, and male initiative in sexual interactions early in pairing are consistent with a male reproductive strategy in which male‐male competition may be common. {\circledC} 1995 Wiley‐Liss, Inc.",
keywords = "Callithrix kuhli, callitrichids, development, heterosexual social relationships, sexual behavior",
author = "Schaffner, {Colleen M.} and Shepherd, {Rebecca E.} and Santos, {Cristina V.} and French, {Jeffrey A.}",
year = "1995",
doi = "10.1002/ajp.1350360303",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "36",
pages = "185--200",
journal = "American Journal of Primatology",
issn = "0275-2565",
publisher = "John Wiley and Sons Inc.",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Development of heterosexual relationships in wied's black tufted‐ear marmosets (Callithrix kuhli)

AU - Schaffner, Colleen M.

AU - Shepherd, Rebecca E.

AU - Santos, Cristina V.

AU - French, Jeffrey A.

PY - 1995

Y1 - 1995

N2 - In tamarins and marmosets, long‐term stable sociosexual relationships are formed between heterosexual adults, but these “monogamous” relationships are often formed in groups that contain multiple adults of both sexes. The patterning of interactions during pair formation may therefore be shaped by this demographic profile. We evaluated the development of sociosexual relationships in six captive pairs of Wied's black tufted‐ear marmosets (Callithrix kuhli) during the 80 days from the initial day of pairing. Social behavior, sexual behavior and activity profiles were recorded. Social behaviors, including allogrooming, grooming solicitation, and intragroup monitoring calls, increased across the four 20‐day time blocks. Males were more responsible than females for maintaining intrapair proximity during the first 40 days of pairing. Females and males were equally responsible for intrapair proximity maintenance after this time. The highest rates of sexual behavior, including copulation and proceptive open mouth displays, occurred upon pairing and then decreased non‐significantly over time. The results indicate that sexual relationships in callitrichid primates are not dependent on the prior existence of a social relationship between males and females. Higher rates of copulation, greater male responsibility for proximity maintenance, and male initiative in sexual interactions early in pairing are consistent with a male reproductive strategy in which male‐male competition may be common. © 1995 Wiley‐Liss, Inc.

AB - In tamarins and marmosets, long‐term stable sociosexual relationships are formed between heterosexual adults, but these “monogamous” relationships are often formed in groups that contain multiple adults of both sexes. The patterning of interactions during pair formation may therefore be shaped by this demographic profile. We evaluated the development of sociosexual relationships in six captive pairs of Wied's black tufted‐ear marmosets (Callithrix kuhli) during the 80 days from the initial day of pairing. Social behavior, sexual behavior and activity profiles were recorded. Social behaviors, including allogrooming, grooming solicitation, and intragroup monitoring calls, increased across the four 20‐day time blocks. Males were more responsible than females for maintaining intrapair proximity during the first 40 days of pairing. Females and males were equally responsible for intrapair proximity maintenance after this time. The highest rates of sexual behavior, including copulation and proceptive open mouth displays, occurred upon pairing and then decreased non‐significantly over time. The results indicate that sexual relationships in callitrichid primates are not dependent on the prior existence of a social relationship between males and females. Higher rates of copulation, greater male responsibility for proximity maintenance, and male initiative in sexual interactions early in pairing are consistent with a male reproductive strategy in which male‐male competition may be common. © 1995 Wiley‐Liss, Inc.

KW - Callithrix kuhli

KW - callitrichids

KW - development

KW - heterosexual social relationships

KW - sexual behavior

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84996082982&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84996082982&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1002/ajp.1350360303

DO - 10.1002/ajp.1350360303

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84996082982

VL - 36

SP - 185

EP - 200

JO - American Journal of Primatology

JF - American Journal of Primatology

SN - 0275-2565

IS - 3

ER -