Development of bovine morulae after bisection and biopsy and assessment of DNA amplification by the polymerase chain reaction

A. E.T. Sparks, R. S. Canseco, C. G. Russell, J. L. Johnson, J. L. Page, W. H. Velander, M. L. McGilliard, F. C. Gwazdauskas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Bovine morulae (n = 94; d 6-6.5) were collected nondashsurgically from superovulated dairy cows (n=22) to assess embryo viability in vitro after bisection or biopsy and compare the efficiency of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification of 18S rRNA genes, high copy number genes, from embryo biopsies and demi-morulae. Biopsies and one of each demi-morulae pair were subjected to PCR while the biopsied embryo and remaining demi-morula were cultured in vitro for 48 h. Development scores of 1 (degenerate), 2 (morula), and 3 (blastocyst) were assigned to embryos at 24 and 48 h of culture. Mean development scores for biopsied embryos (n=50) at 24 and 48 h were 2.4 ± 0.1 and 2.3±0.1 ( x ̇±SE) and did not differ from 24 h (2.3±0.1) and 48 h (2.4±0.1) mean development scores of bisected embryos (n=44). Mean cell number after 48 h of culture did not differ between treatments with 41.8 ± 2.5 (n=22) for bisected embryos and 48.8±2.9 (n=29) for biopsied embryos. The endogenous 18S rRNA gene was detected in 78% ( 32 41) of the demi-embryos and 81% ( 39 48) of the biopsies. These results indicate that recovery of a biopsy has no advantage over removal of one half of the embryo with regard to subsequent embryo development and DNA amplification using PCR. These procedures allow for simple tissue collection for PCR without compromising subsequent embryo development.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-7
Number of pages7
JournalAnimal Reproduction Science
Volume35
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1994

Fingerprint

Morula
morula
DNA-Directed DNA Polymerase
biopsy
embryo (animal)
Embryonic Structures
polymerase chain reaction
Biopsy
Polymerase Chain Reaction
cattle
DNA
rRNA Genes
Embryonic Development
embryogenesis
ribosomal RNA
gene dosage
Gene Dosage
Blastocyst
blastocyst
genes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Animals
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Endocrinology

Cite this

Development of bovine morulae after bisection and biopsy and assessment of DNA amplification by the polymerase chain reaction. / Sparks, A. E.T.; Canseco, R. S.; Russell, C. G.; Johnson, J. L.; Page, J. L.; Velander, W. H.; McGilliard, M. L.; Gwazdauskas, F. C.

In: Animal Reproduction Science, Vol. 35, No. 1-2, 03.1994, p. 1-7.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sparks, A. E.T. ; Canseco, R. S. ; Russell, C. G. ; Johnson, J. L. ; Page, J. L. ; Velander, W. H. ; McGilliard, M. L. ; Gwazdauskas, F. C. / Development of bovine morulae after bisection and biopsy and assessment of DNA amplification by the polymerase chain reaction. In: Animal Reproduction Science. 1994 ; Vol. 35, No. 1-2. pp. 1-7.
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AU - Johnson, J. L.

AU - Page, J. L.

AU - Velander, W. H.

AU - McGilliard, M. L.

AU - Gwazdauskas, F. C.

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