Development and Validation of a Brief Version of the Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale: The DERS-16

Johan Bjureberg, Brjánn Ljótsson, Matthew T. Tull, Erik Hedman, Hanna Sahlin, Lars Gunnar Lundh, Jonas Bjärehed, David DiLillo, Terri Messman-Moore, Clara Hellner Gumpert, Kim L. Gratz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

38 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale (DERS) is a widely-used, theoretically-driven, and psychometrically-sound self-report measure of emotion regulation difficulties. However, at 36-items, the DERS may be challenging to administer in some situations or settings (e.g., in the course of patient care or large-scale epidemiological studies). Consequently, there is a need for a briefer version of the DERS. The goal of the present studies was to develop and evaluate a 16-item version of the DERS – the DERS-16. The reliability and validity of the DERS-16 were examined in a clinical sample (N = 96) and two large community samples (Ns = 102 and 482). The validity of the DERS-16 was evaluated comparing the relative strength of the association of the two versions of the DERS with measures of emotion regulation and related constructs, psychopathology, and clinically-relevant behaviors theorized to stem from emotion regulation deficits. Results demonstrate that the DERS-16 has retained excellent internal consistency, good test-retest reliability, and good convergent and discriminant validity. Further, the DERS-16 showed minimal differences in its convergent and discriminant validity with relevant measures when compared to the original DERS. In conclusion, the DERS-16 offers a valid and brief method for the assessment of overall emotion regulation difficulties.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)284-296
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
Volume38
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2016

Fingerprint

Emotions
Reproducibility of Results
Psychopathology
Self Report
Epidemiologic Studies
Patient Care

Keywords

  • Assessment
  • Emotion regulation
  • Experiential avoidance
  • Self-report measure
  • Short version

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology

Cite this

Development and Validation of a Brief Version of the Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale : The DERS-16. / Bjureberg, Johan; Ljótsson, Brjánn; Tull, Matthew T.; Hedman, Erik; Sahlin, Hanna; Lundh, Lars Gunnar; Bjärehed, Jonas; DiLillo, David; Messman-Moore, Terri; Gumpert, Clara Hellner; Gratz, Kim L.

In: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, Vol. 38, No. 2, 01.06.2016, p. 284-296.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bjureberg, J, Ljótsson, B, Tull, MT, Hedman, E, Sahlin, H, Lundh, LG, Bjärehed, J, DiLillo, D, Messman-Moore, T, Gumpert, CH & Gratz, KL 2016, 'Development and Validation of a Brief Version of the Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale: The DERS-16', Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, vol. 38, no. 2, pp. 284-296. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10862-015-9514-x
Bjureberg, Johan ; Ljótsson, Brjánn ; Tull, Matthew T. ; Hedman, Erik ; Sahlin, Hanna ; Lundh, Lars Gunnar ; Bjärehed, Jonas ; DiLillo, David ; Messman-Moore, Terri ; Gumpert, Clara Hellner ; Gratz, Kim L. / Development and Validation of a Brief Version of the Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale : The DERS-16. In: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment. 2016 ; Vol. 38, No. 2. pp. 284-296.
@article{1c922ca7bb0d48a2881e60819f22c8a9,
title = "Development and Validation of a Brief Version of the Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale: The DERS-16",
abstract = "The Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale (DERS) is a widely-used, theoretically-driven, and psychometrically-sound self-report measure of emotion regulation difficulties. However, at 36-items, the DERS may be challenging to administer in some situations or settings (e.g., in the course of patient care or large-scale epidemiological studies). Consequently, there is a need for a briefer version of the DERS. The goal of the present studies was to develop and evaluate a 16-item version of the DERS – the DERS-16. The reliability and validity of the DERS-16 were examined in a clinical sample (N = 96) and two large community samples (Ns = 102 and 482). The validity of the DERS-16 was evaluated comparing the relative strength of the association of the two versions of the DERS with measures of emotion regulation and related constructs, psychopathology, and clinically-relevant behaviors theorized to stem from emotion regulation deficits. Results demonstrate that the DERS-16 has retained excellent internal consistency, good test-retest reliability, and good convergent and discriminant validity. Further, the DERS-16 showed minimal differences in its convergent and discriminant validity with relevant measures when compared to the original DERS. In conclusion, the DERS-16 offers a valid and brief method for the assessment of overall emotion regulation difficulties.",
keywords = "Assessment, Emotion regulation, Experiential avoidance, Self-report measure, Short version",
author = "Johan Bjureberg and Brj{\'a}nn Lj{\'o}tsson and Tull, {Matthew T.} and Erik Hedman and Hanna Sahlin and Lundh, {Lars Gunnar} and Jonas Bj{\"a}rehed and David DiLillo and Terri Messman-Moore and Gumpert, {Clara Hellner} and Gratz, {Kim L.}",
year = "2016",
month = "6",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/s10862-015-9514-x",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "38",
pages = "284--296",
journal = "Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment",
issn = "0882-2689",
publisher = "Springer New York",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Development and Validation of a Brief Version of the Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale

T2 - The DERS-16

AU - Bjureberg, Johan

AU - Ljótsson, Brjánn

AU - Tull, Matthew T.

AU - Hedman, Erik

AU - Sahlin, Hanna

AU - Lundh, Lars Gunnar

AU - Bjärehed, Jonas

AU - DiLillo, David

AU - Messman-Moore, Terri

AU - Gumpert, Clara Hellner

AU - Gratz, Kim L.

PY - 2016/6/1

Y1 - 2016/6/1

N2 - The Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale (DERS) is a widely-used, theoretically-driven, and psychometrically-sound self-report measure of emotion regulation difficulties. However, at 36-items, the DERS may be challenging to administer in some situations or settings (e.g., in the course of patient care or large-scale epidemiological studies). Consequently, there is a need for a briefer version of the DERS. The goal of the present studies was to develop and evaluate a 16-item version of the DERS – the DERS-16. The reliability and validity of the DERS-16 were examined in a clinical sample (N = 96) and two large community samples (Ns = 102 and 482). The validity of the DERS-16 was evaluated comparing the relative strength of the association of the two versions of the DERS with measures of emotion regulation and related constructs, psychopathology, and clinically-relevant behaviors theorized to stem from emotion regulation deficits. Results demonstrate that the DERS-16 has retained excellent internal consistency, good test-retest reliability, and good convergent and discriminant validity. Further, the DERS-16 showed minimal differences in its convergent and discriminant validity with relevant measures when compared to the original DERS. In conclusion, the DERS-16 offers a valid and brief method for the assessment of overall emotion regulation difficulties.

AB - The Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale (DERS) is a widely-used, theoretically-driven, and psychometrically-sound self-report measure of emotion regulation difficulties. However, at 36-items, the DERS may be challenging to administer in some situations or settings (e.g., in the course of patient care or large-scale epidemiological studies). Consequently, there is a need for a briefer version of the DERS. The goal of the present studies was to develop and evaluate a 16-item version of the DERS – the DERS-16. The reliability and validity of the DERS-16 were examined in a clinical sample (N = 96) and two large community samples (Ns = 102 and 482). The validity of the DERS-16 was evaluated comparing the relative strength of the association of the two versions of the DERS with measures of emotion regulation and related constructs, psychopathology, and clinically-relevant behaviors theorized to stem from emotion regulation deficits. Results demonstrate that the DERS-16 has retained excellent internal consistency, good test-retest reliability, and good convergent and discriminant validity. Further, the DERS-16 showed minimal differences in its convergent and discriminant validity with relevant measures when compared to the original DERS. In conclusion, the DERS-16 offers a valid and brief method for the assessment of overall emotion regulation difficulties.

KW - Assessment

KW - Emotion regulation

KW - Experiential avoidance

KW - Self-report measure

KW - Short version

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84941670916&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84941670916&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s10862-015-9514-x

DO - 10.1007/s10862-015-9514-x

M3 - Article

C2 - 27239096

AN - SCOPUS:84941670916

VL - 38

SP - 284

EP - 296

JO - Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment

JF - Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment

SN - 0882-2689

IS - 2

ER -