Development and implementation of the National Cancer Institute's food attitudes and behaviors survey to assess correlates of fruit and vegetable intake in adults

Temitope O. Erinosho, Courtney Pinard, Linda C. Nebeling, Richard P. Moser, Abdul R. Shaikh, Ken Resnicow, April Y. Oh, Amy L. Yaroch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Low fruit and vegetable (FV) intake is a leading risk factor for chronic disease globally as well as in the United States. Much of the population does not consume the recommended servings of FV daily. This paper describes the development of psychosocial measures of FV intake for inclusion in the U.S. National Cancer Institute's 2007 Food Attitudes and Behaviors Survey. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study among 3,397 adults from the United States. Scales included conventional constructs shown to be correlated with fruit and vegetable intake (FVI) in prior studies (e.g., self-efficacy, social support), and novel constructs that have been measured in few- to- no studies (e.g., views on vegetarianism, neophobia). FVI was assessed with an eight-item screener. Exploratory factor analysis, Cronbach's alpha, and regression analyses were conducted. Results: Psychosocial scales with Cronbach's alpha ≥0.68 were self-efficacy, social support, perceived barriers and benefits of eating FVs, views on vegetarianism, autonomous and controlled motivation, and preference for FVs. Conventional scales that were associated (p<0.05) with FVI were self-efficacy, social support, and perceived barriers to eating FVs. Novel scales that were associated (p<0.05) with FVI were autonomous motivation, and preference for vegetables. Other single items that were associated (p<0.05) with FVI included knowledge of FV recommendations, FVI "while growing up", and daily water consumption. Conclusion: These findings may inform future behavioral interventions as well as further exploration of other potential factors to promote and support FVI.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere0115017
JournalPloS one
Volume10
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 23 2015

Fingerprint

National Cancer Institute (U.S.)
vegetable consumption
Vegetables
fruit consumption
Fruits
Fruit
Food
neoplasms
self-efficacy
Self Efficacy
vegetarian diet
vegetables
Social Support
Vegetarian Diet
ingestion
Surveys and Questionnaires
Motivation
fruits
Eating
chronic diseases

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • General

Cite this

Development and implementation of the National Cancer Institute's food attitudes and behaviors survey to assess correlates of fruit and vegetable intake in adults. / Erinosho, Temitope O.; Pinard, Courtney; Nebeling, Linda C.; Moser, Richard P.; Shaikh, Abdul R.; Resnicow, Ken; Oh, April Y.; Yaroch, Amy L.

In: PloS one, Vol. 10, No. 2, e0115017, 23.02.2015.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Erinosho, Temitope O. ; Pinard, Courtney ; Nebeling, Linda C. ; Moser, Richard P. ; Shaikh, Abdul R. ; Resnicow, Ken ; Oh, April Y. ; Yaroch, Amy L. / Development and implementation of the National Cancer Institute's food attitudes and behaviors survey to assess correlates of fruit and vegetable intake in adults. In: PloS one. 2015 ; Vol. 10, No. 2.
@article{8c15e01905234564b6c54c1398d19045,
title = "Development and implementation of the National Cancer Institute's food attitudes and behaviors survey to assess correlates of fruit and vegetable intake in adults",
abstract = "Background: Low fruit and vegetable (FV) intake is a leading risk factor for chronic disease globally as well as in the United States. Much of the population does not consume the recommended servings of FV daily. This paper describes the development of psychosocial measures of FV intake for inclusion in the U.S. National Cancer Institute's 2007 Food Attitudes and Behaviors Survey. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study among 3,397 adults from the United States. Scales included conventional constructs shown to be correlated with fruit and vegetable intake (FVI) in prior studies (e.g., self-efficacy, social support), and novel constructs that have been measured in few- to- no studies (e.g., views on vegetarianism, neophobia). FVI was assessed with an eight-item screener. Exploratory factor analysis, Cronbach's alpha, and regression analyses were conducted. Results: Psychosocial scales with Cronbach's alpha ≥0.68 were self-efficacy, social support, perceived barriers and benefits of eating FVs, views on vegetarianism, autonomous and controlled motivation, and preference for FVs. Conventional scales that were associated (p<0.05) with FVI were self-efficacy, social support, and perceived barriers to eating FVs. Novel scales that were associated (p<0.05) with FVI were autonomous motivation, and preference for vegetables. Other single items that were associated (p<0.05) with FVI included knowledge of FV recommendations, FVI {"}while growing up{"}, and daily water consumption. Conclusion: These findings may inform future behavioral interventions as well as further exploration of other potential factors to promote and support FVI.",
author = "Erinosho, {Temitope O.} and Courtney Pinard and Nebeling, {Linda C.} and Moser, {Richard P.} and Shaikh, {Abdul R.} and Ken Resnicow and Oh, {April Y.} and Yaroch, {Amy L.}",
year = "2015",
month = "2",
day = "23",
doi = "10.1371/journal.pone.0115017",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "10",
journal = "PLoS One",
issn = "1932-6203",
publisher = "Public Library of Science",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Development and implementation of the National Cancer Institute's food attitudes and behaviors survey to assess correlates of fruit and vegetable intake in adults

AU - Erinosho, Temitope O.

AU - Pinard, Courtney

AU - Nebeling, Linda C.

AU - Moser, Richard P.

AU - Shaikh, Abdul R.

AU - Resnicow, Ken

AU - Oh, April Y.

AU - Yaroch, Amy L.

PY - 2015/2/23

Y1 - 2015/2/23

N2 - Background: Low fruit and vegetable (FV) intake is a leading risk factor for chronic disease globally as well as in the United States. Much of the population does not consume the recommended servings of FV daily. This paper describes the development of psychosocial measures of FV intake for inclusion in the U.S. National Cancer Institute's 2007 Food Attitudes and Behaviors Survey. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study among 3,397 adults from the United States. Scales included conventional constructs shown to be correlated with fruit and vegetable intake (FVI) in prior studies (e.g., self-efficacy, social support), and novel constructs that have been measured in few- to- no studies (e.g., views on vegetarianism, neophobia). FVI was assessed with an eight-item screener. Exploratory factor analysis, Cronbach's alpha, and regression analyses were conducted. Results: Psychosocial scales with Cronbach's alpha ≥0.68 were self-efficacy, social support, perceived barriers and benefits of eating FVs, views on vegetarianism, autonomous and controlled motivation, and preference for FVs. Conventional scales that were associated (p<0.05) with FVI were self-efficacy, social support, and perceived barriers to eating FVs. Novel scales that were associated (p<0.05) with FVI were autonomous motivation, and preference for vegetables. Other single items that were associated (p<0.05) with FVI included knowledge of FV recommendations, FVI "while growing up", and daily water consumption. Conclusion: These findings may inform future behavioral interventions as well as further exploration of other potential factors to promote and support FVI.

AB - Background: Low fruit and vegetable (FV) intake is a leading risk factor for chronic disease globally as well as in the United States. Much of the population does not consume the recommended servings of FV daily. This paper describes the development of psychosocial measures of FV intake for inclusion in the U.S. National Cancer Institute's 2007 Food Attitudes and Behaviors Survey. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study among 3,397 adults from the United States. Scales included conventional constructs shown to be correlated with fruit and vegetable intake (FVI) in prior studies (e.g., self-efficacy, social support), and novel constructs that have been measured in few- to- no studies (e.g., views on vegetarianism, neophobia). FVI was assessed with an eight-item screener. Exploratory factor analysis, Cronbach's alpha, and regression analyses were conducted. Results: Psychosocial scales with Cronbach's alpha ≥0.68 were self-efficacy, social support, perceived barriers and benefits of eating FVs, views on vegetarianism, autonomous and controlled motivation, and preference for FVs. Conventional scales that were associated (p<0.05) with FVI were self-efficacy, social support, and perceived barriers to eating FVs. Novel scales that were associated (p<0.05) with FVI were autonomous motivation, and preference for vegetables. Other single items that were associated (p<0.05) with FVI included knowledge of FV recommendations, FVI "while growing up", and daily water consumption. Conclusion: These findings may inform future behavioral interventions as well as further exploration of other potential factors to promote and support FVI.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84923811287&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84923811287&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1371/journal.pone.0115017

DO - 10.1371/journal.pone.0115017

M3 - Article

C2 - 25706120

AN - SCOPUS:84923811287

VL - 10

JO - PLoS One

JF - PLoS One

SN - 1932-6203

IS - 2

M1 - e0115017

ER -