Developing an agenda for research about policies to improve access to healthy foods in rural communities: A concept mapping study

Donna B. Johnson, Emilee Quinn, Marilyn Sitaker, Alice Ammerman, Carmen Byker, Wesley Dean, Sheila Fleischhacker, Jane Kolodinsky, Courtney Pinard, Stephanie B Jilcott Pitts, Joseph Sharkey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Policies that improve access to healthy, affordable foods may improve population health and reduce health disparities. In the United States most food access policy research focuses on urban communities even though residents of rural communities face disproportionately higher risk for nutrition-related chronic diseases compared to residents of urban communities. The purpose of this study was to (1) identify the factors associated with access to healthy, affordable food in rural communities in the United States; and (2) prioritize a meaningful and feasible rural food policy research agenda. Methods. This study was conducted by the Rural Food Access Workgroup (RFAWG), a workgroup facilitated by the Nutrition and Obesity Policy Research and Evaluation Network. A national sample of academic and non-academic researchers, public health and cooperative extension practitioners, and other experts who focus on rural food access and economic development was invited to complete a concept mapping process that included brainstorming the factors that are associated with rural food access, sorting and organizing the factors into similar domains, and rating the importance of policies and research to address these factors. As a last step, RFAWG members convened to interpret the data and establish research recommendations. Results: Seventy-five participants in the brainstorming exercise represented the following sectors: non-extension research (n = 27), non-extension program administration (n = 18), "other" (n = 14), policy advocacy (n = 10), and cooperative extension service (n = 6). The brainstorming exercise generated 90 distinct statements about factors associated with rural food access in the United States; these were sorted into 5 clusters. Go Zones were established for the factors that were rated highly as both a priority policy target and a priority for research. The highest ranked policy and research priorities include strategies designed to build economic viability in rural communities, improve access to federal food and nutrition assistance programs, improve food retail systems, and increase the personal food production capacity of rural residents. Respondents also prioritized the development of valid and reliable research methodologies to measure variables associated with rural food access. Conclusions: This collaborative, trans-disciplinary, participatory process, created a map to guide and prioritize research about polices to improve healthy, affordable food access in rural communities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number592
JournalBMC Public Health
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 12 2014

Fingerprint

Rural Population
Food
Research
Nutrition Policy
Food Assistance
Exercise
Economic Development
Health
Police
Chronic Disease
Research Design
Public Health
Obesity
Economics
Research Personnel

Keywords

  • Food access
  • Food systems
  • Nutrition
  • Policy
  • Rural populations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Developing an agenda for research about policies to improve access to healthy foods in rural communities : A concept mapping study. / Johnson, Donna B.; Quinn, Emilee; Sitaker, Marilyn; Ammerman, Alice; Byker, Carmen; Dean, Wesley; Fleischhacker, Sheila; Kolodinsky, Jane; Pinard, Courtney; Pitts, Stephanie B Jilcott; Sharkey, Joseph.

In: BMC Public Health, Vol. 14, No. 1, 592, 12.06.2014.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Johnson, DB, Quinn, E, Sitaker, M, Ammerman, A, Byker, C, Dean, W, Fleischhacker, S, Kolodinsky, J, Pinard, C, Pitts, SBJ & Sharkey, J 2014, 'Developing an agenda for research about policies to improve access to healthy foods in rural communities: A concept mapping study', BMC Public Health, vol. 14, no. 1, 592. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-14-592
Johnson, Donna B. ; Quinn, Emilee ; Sitaker, Marilyn ; Ammerman, Alice ; Byker, Carmen ; Dean, Wesley ; Fleischhacker, Sheila ; Kolodinsky, Jane ; Pinard, Courtney ; Pitts, Stephanie B Jilcott ; Sharkey, Joseph. / Developing an agenda for research about policies to improve access to healthy foods in rural communities : A concept mapping study. In: BMC Public Health. 2014 ; Vol. 14, No. 1.
@article{1106dfddaddb4040b142ea59b78dbd64,
title = "Developing an agenda for research about policies to improve access to healthy foods in rural communities: A concept mapping study",
abstract = "Background: Policies that improve access to healthy, affordable foods may improve population health and reduce health disparities. In the United States most food access policy research focuses on urban communities even though residents of rural communities face disproportionately higher risk for nutrition-related chronic diseases compared to residents of urban communities. The purpose of this study was to (1) identify the factors associated with access to healthy, affordable food in rural communities in the United States; and (2) prioritize a meaningful and feasible rural food policy research agenda. Methods. This study was conducted by the Rural Food Access Workgroup (RFAWG), a workgroup facilitated by the Nutrition and Obesity Policy Research and Evaluation Network. A national sample of academic and non-academic researchers, public health and cooperative extension practitioners, and other experts who focus on rural food access and economic development was invited to complete a concept mapping process that included brainstorming the factors that are associated with rural food access, sorting and organizing the factors into similar domains, and rating the importance of policies and research to address these factors. As a last step, RFAWG members convened to interpret the data and establish research recommendations. Results: Seventy-five participants in the brainstorming exercise represented the following sectors: non-extension research (n = 27), non-extension program administration (n = 18), {"}other{"} (n = 14), policy advocacy (n = 10), and cooperative extension service (n = 6). The brainstorming exercise generated 90 distinct statements about factors associated with rural food access in the United States; these were sorted into 5 clusters. Go Zones were established for the factors that were rated highly as both a priority policy target and a priority for research. The highest ranked policy and research priorities include strategies designed to build economic viability in rural communities, improve access to federal food and nutrition assistance programs, improve food retail systems, and increase the personal food production capacity of rural residents. Respondents also prioritized the development of valid and reliable research methodologies to measure variables associated with rural food access. Conclusions: This collaborative, trans-disciplinary, participatory process, created a map to guide and prioritize research about polices to improve healthy, affordable food access in rural communities.",
keywords = "Food access, Food systems, Nutrition, Policy, Rural populations",
author = "Johnson, {Donna B.} and Emilee Quinn and Marilyn Sitaker and Alice Ammerman and Carmen Byker and Wesley Dean and Sheila Fleischhacker and Jane Kolodinsky and Courtney Pinard and Pitts, {Stephanie B Jilcott} and Joseph Sharkey",
year = "2014",
month = "6",
day = "12",
doi = "10.1186/1471-2458-14-592",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "14",
journal = "BMC Public Health",
issn = "1471-2458",
publisher = "BioMed Central",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Developing an agenda for research about policies to improve access to healthy foods in rural communities

T2 - A concept mapping study

AU - Johnson, Donna B.

AU - Quinn, Emilee

AU - Sitaker, Marilyn

AU - Ammerman, Alice

AU - Byker, Carmen

AU - Dean, Wesley

AU - Fleischhacker, Sheila

AU - Kolodinsky, Jane

AU - Pinard, Courtney

AU - Pitts, Stephanie B Jilcott

AU - Sharkey, Joseph

PY - 2014/6/12

Y1 - 2014/6/12

N2 - Background: Policies that improve access to healthy, affordable foods may improve population health and reduce health disparities. In the United States most food access policy research focuses on urban communities even though residents of rural communities face disproportionately higher risk for nutrition-related chronic diseases compared to residents of urban communities. The purpose of this study was to (1) identify the factors associated with access to healthy, affordable food in rural communities in the United States; and (2) prioritize a meaningful and feasible rural food policy research agenda. Methods. This study was conducted by the Rural Food Access Workgroup (RFAWG), a workgroup facilitated by the Nutrition and Obesity Policy Research and Evaluation Network. A national sample of academic and non-academic researchers, public health and cooperative extension practitioners, and other experts who focus on rural food access and economic development was invited to complete a concept mapping process that included brainstorming the factors that are associated with rural food access, sorting and organizing the factors into similar domains, and rating the importance of policies and research to address these factors. As a last step, RFAWG members convened to interpret the data and establish research recommendations. Results: Seventy-five participants in the brainstorming exercise represented the following sectors: non-extension research (n = 27), non-extension program administration (n = 18), "other" (n = 14), policy advocacy (n = 10), and cooperative extension service (n = 6). The brainstorming exercise generated 90 distinct statements about factors associated with rural food access in the United States; these were sorted into 5 clusters. Go Zones were established for the factors that were rated highly as both a priority policy target and a priority for research. The highest ranked policy and research priorities include strategies designed to build economic viability in rural communities, improve access to federal food and nutrition assistance programs, improve food retail systems, and increase the personal food production capacity of rural residents. Respondents also prioritized the development of valid and reliable research methodologies to measure variables associated with rural food access. Conclusions: This collaborative, trans-disciplinary, participatory process, created a map to guide and prioritize research about polices to improve healthy, affordable food access in rural communities.

AB - Background: Policies that improve access to healthy, affordable foods may improve population health and reduce health disparities. In the United States most food access policy research focuses on urban communities even though residents of rural communities face disproportionately higher risk for nutrition-related chronic diseases compared to residents of urban communities. The purpose of this study was to (1) identify the factors associated with access to healthy, affordable food in rural communities in the United States; and (2) prioritize a meaningful and feasible rural food policy research agenda. Methods. This study was conducted by the Rural Food Access Workgroup (RFAWG), a workgroup facilitated by the Nutrition and Obesity Policy Research and Evaluation Network. A national sample of academic and non-academic researchers, public health and cooperative extension practitioners, and other experts who focus on rural food access and economic development was invited to complete a concept mapping process that included brainstorming the factors that are associated with rural food access, sorting and organizing the factors into similar domains, and rating the importance of policies and research to address these factors. As a last step, RFAWG members convened to interpret the data and establish research recommendations. Results: Seventy-five participants in the brainstorming exercise represented the following sectors: non-extension research (n = 27), non-extension program administration (n = 18), "other" (n = 14), policy advocacy (n = 10), and cooperative extension service (n = 6). The brainstorming exercise generated 90 distinct statements about factors associated with rural food access in the United States; these were sorted into 5 clusters. Go Zones were established for the factors that were rated highly as both a priority policy target and a priority for research. The highest ranked policy and research priorities include strategies designed to build economic viability in rural communities, improve access to federal food and nutrition assistance programs, improve food retail systems, and increase the personal food production capacity of rural residents. Respondents also prioritized the development of valid and reliable research methodologies to measure variables associated with rural food access. Conclusions: This collaborative, trans-disciplinary, participatory process, created a map to guide and prioritize research about polices to improve healthy, affordable food access in rural communities.

KW - Food access

KW - Food systems

KW - Nutrition

KW - Policy

KW - Rural populations

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84903266388&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84903266388&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1186/1471-2458-14-592

DO - 10.1186/1471-2458-14-592

M3 - Article

C2 - 24919425

AN - SCOPUS:84903266388

VL - 14

JO - BMC Public Health

JF - BMC Public Health

SN - 1471-2458

IS - 1

M1 - 592

ER -