Introduction: Increased federal attention to nursing research has prompted professional nursing organizations to develop research programs identifying areas of scientific knowledge most needed for professional and clinical practice. The study purpose was to identify the National Flight Nurses Association's (NFNA's) research priorities. Methods: A two-round Delphi technique was used, with systematic surveys in Round 1 mailed to 500 NFNA members. Responses from 127 members were coded to form the Round II survey that was completed by members at the NFNA meeting in St. Louis in October 1993. Results: According to frequency scores, issues of highest priority relate to specialty and nonspecialty team, crew configurations, clinical indications for transport, airway management, educational preparation and continuing education. Conclusion: Identified priorities support development of research studies and programs that lead to increased knowledge, facilitate collaborative studies and also provide a basis for research funding.