Detection of adduct on tyrosine 411 of albumin in humans poisoned by dichlorvos

Bin Li, Ivan Ricordel, Lawrence M Schopfer, Frédéric Baud, Bruno Mégarbane, Florian Nachon, Patrick Masson, Oksana Lockridge

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33 Scopus citations

Abstract

Studies in mice and guinea pigs have shown that albumin is a new biomarker of organophosphorus toxicant (OP) and nerve agent exposure. Our goal was to determine whether OP-labeled albumin could be detected in the blood of humans exposed to OP. Blood from four OP-exposed patients was prepared for mass spectrometry analysis by digesting 0.010 ml of serum with pepsin and purifying the labeled albumin peptide by offline high performance liquid chromatography. Dimethoxyphosphate-labeled tyrosine 411 was identified in albumin peptides VRY411TKKVPQVSTPTL and LVRY411TKKVPQVSTPTL from two patients who had attempted suicide with dichlorvos. The butyrylcholinesterase activity in these serum samples was inhibited 80%. A third patient whose serum BChE activity was inhibited 8% by accidental inhalation of dichlorvos had undetectable levels of adduct on albumin. A fourth patient whose BChE activity was inhibited 60% by exposure to chlorpyrifos had no detectable adduct on albumin. This is the first report to demonstrate the presence of OP-labeled albumin in human patients. It is concluded that tyrosine 411 of human albumin is covalently modified in the serum of humans poisoned by dichlorvos and that the modification is detectable by mass spectrometry. The special reactivity of tyrosine 411 with OP suggests that other proteins may also be modified on tyrosine. Identification of other OP-modified proteins may lead to an understanding of neurotoxic symptoms that appear long after the initial OP exposure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)23-31
Number of pages9
JournalToxicological Sciences
Volume116
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 15 2010

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Keywords

  • Albumin
  • Butyrylcholinesterase
  • Mass spectrometry
  • Organophosphorus toxicant

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology

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