Debridement and closed packing for sterile or infected necrotizing pancreatitis

Insights into indications and outcomes in 167 patients

J. Ruben Rodriguez, A. Oswaldo Razo, Javier Targarona, Sarah P Thayer, David W. Rattner, Andrew L. Warshaw, Carlos Fernández-Del Castillo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

184 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To examine the surgical indications and clinical outcomes of a large cohort of patients with necrotizing pancreatitis. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Mortality after debridement for necrotizing pancreatitis continues to be inordinately high. The clinical experience with patients who underwent uniform surgical treatment for necrotizing pancreatitis at the Massachusetts General Hospital over a 15-year period is described. METHODS: Retrospective review of 167 patients with necrotizing pancreatitis who required intervention and were treated with single stage debridement and a closed packing technique. Particular emphasis was placed on the indication for surgery and the presence of infected necrosis. Multiple logistic regression models were used to identify predictors of mortality. RESULTS: The primary preoperative indication for operation was infected necrosis (51%), but intraoperative cultures proved that 72% of the entire cohort was infected. The rate of reoperation was 12.6%, and 29.9% of patients required percutaneous interventional radiology drainage after initial debridement. Overall operative mortality was 11.4% (19/167), but higher in patients who were operated upon before 28 days (20.3% vs. 5.1%, P = 0.002). Other important predictors of mortality included organ failure ≥3 (OR = 2.4, P = 0.001), postoperative intensive care unit stay ≥6 days (OR = 15.9, P = 0.001), and female gender (OR = 5.41, P = 0.02). CONCLUSIONS: Open, transperitoneal debridement followed by closed packing and drainage results in the lowest reported mortality and reoperation rates, and provides a standard for comparing other methods of treatment. A negative FNA does not reliably rule out infection. The clinical status of the patients and not proof of infection should determine the need for debridement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)294-299
Number of pages6
JournalAnnals of surgery
Volume247
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2008

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Debridement
Pancreatitis
Mortality
Reoperation
Drainage
Necrosis
Logistic Models
Interventional Radiology
Postoperative Care
Infection
General Hospitals
Intensive Care Units
Therapeutics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

Cite this

Debridement and closed packing for sterile or infected necrotizing pancreatitis : Insights into indications and outcomes in 167 patients. / Rodriguez, J. Ruben; Razo, A. Oswaldo; Targarona, Javier; Thayer, Sarah P; Rattner, David W.; Warshaw, Andrew L.; Fernández-Del Castillo, Carlos.

In: Annals of surgery, Vol. 247, No. 2, 01.02.2008, p. 294-299.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Rodriguez, J. Ruben ; Razo, A. Oswaldo ; Targarona, Javier ; Thayer, Sarah P ; Rattner, David W. ; Warshaw, Andrew L. ; Fernández-Del Castillo, Carlos. / Debridement and closed packing for sterile or infected necrotizing pancreatitis : Insights into indications and outcomes in 167 patients. In: Annals of surgery. 2008 ; Vol. 247, No. 2. pp. 294-299.
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N2 - OBJECTIVE: To examine the surgical indications and clinical outcomes of a large cohort of patients with necrotizing pancreatitis. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Mortality after debridement for necrotizing pancreatitis continues to be inordinately high. The clinical experience with patients who underwent uniform surgical treatment for necrotizing pancreatitis at the Massachusetts General Hospital over a 15-year period is described. METHODS: Retrospective review of 167 patients with necrotizing pancreatitis who required intervention and were treated with single stage debridement and a closed packing technique. Particular emphasis was placed on the indication for surgery and the presence of infected necrosis. Multiple logistic regression models were used to identify predictors of mortality. RESULTS: The primary preoperative indication for operation was infected necrosis (51%), but intraoperative cultures proved that 72% of the entire cohort was infected. The rate of reoperation was 12.6%, and 29.9% of patients required percutaneous interventional radiology drainage after initial debridement. Overall operative mortality was 11.4% (19/167), but higher in patients who were operated upon before 28 days (20.3% vs. 5.1%, P = 0.002). Other important predictors of mortality included organ failure ≥3 (OR = 2.4, P = 0.001), postoperative intensive care unit stay ≥6 days (OR = 15.9, P = 0.001), and female gender (OR = 5.41, P = 0.02). CONCLUSIONS: Open, transperitoneal debridement followed by closed packing and drainage results in the lowest reported mortality and reoperation rates, and provides a standard for comparing other methods of treatment. A negative FNA does not reliably rule out infection. The clinical status of the patients and not proof of infection should determine the need for debridement.

AB - OBJECTIVE: To examine the surgical indications and clinical outcomes of a large cohort of patients with necrotizing pancreatitis. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Mortality after debridement for necrotizing pancreatitis continues to be inordinately high. The clinical experience with patients who underwent uniform surgical treatment for necrotizing pancreatitis at the Massachusetts General Hospital over a 15-year period is described. METHODS: Retrospective review of 167 patients with necrotizing pancreatitis who required intervention and were treated with single stage debridement and a closed packing technique. Particular emphasis was placed on the indication for surgery and the presence of infected necrosis. Multiple logistic regression models were used to identify predictors of mortality. RESULTS: The primary preoperative indication for operation was infected necrosis (51%), but intraoperative cultures proved that 72% of the entire cohort was infected. The rate of reoperation was 12.6%, and 29.9% of patients required percutaneous interventional radiology drainage after initial debridement. Overall operative mortality was 11.4% (19/167), but higher in patients who were operated upon before 28 days (20.3% vs. 5.1%, P = 0.002). Other important predictors of mortality included organ failure ≥3 (OR = 2.4, P = 0.001), postoperative intensive care unit stay ≥6 days (OR = 15.9, P = 0.001), and female gender (OR = 5.41, P = 0.02). CONCLUSIONS: Open, transperitoneal debridement followed by closed packing and drainage results in the lowest reported mortality and reoperation rates, and provides a standard for comparing other methods of treatment. A negative FNA does not reliably rule out infection. The clinical status of the patients and not proof of infection should determine the need for debridement.

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