Cytogenetics and fluorescence in situ hybridization studies of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma in children and young adults

Bhavana J Dave, Dennis D. Weisenburger, Christine M. Higgins, Diane L. Pickering, Michelle M. Hess, Wing C. Chan, Warren G. Sanger

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Abstract

Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), the most common subtype of adult non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL), is infrequently seen in adolescents and is rare in children. Due to the infrequency of the disease, single institution-based cytogenetic and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) studies of pediatric DLBCL have not been reported so far and, hence, the possible differences in pediatric and adult DLBCL have not been evaluated. We performed cytogenetic and FISH analyses of 7 pediatric and 5 young adult DLBCL cases referred to the University of Nebraska Medical Center. Karyotypic studies revealed numeric and structural chromosome abnormalities in all cases. Loss of chromosomes 2, 3, 4, 6, 12, 15, 16, and 17, and gain of 12, 18, and X were observed in more than 20% of the cases (≥3 cases). Sex chromosome abnormalities and cytogenetically unidentifiable chromosomes and/or segments were observed in 80% (10/12) of the cases. Recurrent breakpoints (observed in 3 or more cases) included 14q32 (IGH) and 17p13 (TP53), which clustered in the young adult group. The breakpoints 7q36, 9p24, 13q34, and 16q24 were noted in two cases each. We performed interphase FISH studies to verify the possible rearrangements of the breakpoints that are frequently implicated in adult DLBCL. Our results confirmed that the pediatric cases did not show rearrangements of 3q27 (BCL6), 14q32 (IGH), 18q21 (BCL2), 8q24 (CMYC), and 17p13 (TP53), except for one case with IGH;BCL2 dual fusion [t(14;18)(q32;q21)] and one with a 17p13 (TP53) deletion. Although 3q27 was noted to be rearranged by conventional cytogenetics in two young adult DLBCL cases, FISH investigations verified that BCL6 was not disrupted. The t(8;14)(q24;q32) with rearranged CMYC ascertained by FISH, was observed in a single young adult DLBCL case. These results highlight a distinctly different representation of cytogenetic abnormalities in pediatric versus adult DLBCL.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)115-121
Number of pages7
JournalCancer genetics and cytogenetics
Volume153
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2004

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Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse
Fluorescence In Situ Hybridization
Cytogenetics
Young Adult
Pediatrics
Chromosome Aberrations
Sex Chromosome Aberrations
Chromosomes, Human, Pair 3
Chromosomes, Human, Pair 2
Interphase
Hodgkin Disease
Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma
Chromosomes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Cancer Research

Cite this

Cytogenetics and fluorescence in situ hybridization studies of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma in children and young adults. / Dave, Bhavana J; Weisenburger, Dennis D.; Higgins, Christine M.; Pickering, Diane L.; Hess, Michelle M.; Chan, Wing C.; Sanger, Warren G.

In: Cancer genetics and cytogenetics, Vol. 153, No. 2, 01.09.2004, p. 115-121.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Dave, Bhavana J ; Weisenburger, Dennis D. ; Higgins, Christine M. ; Pickering, Diane L. ; Hess, Michelle M. ; Chan, Wing C. ; Sanger, Warren G. / Cytogenetics and fluorescence in situ hybridization studies of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma in children and young adults. In: Cancer genetics and cytogenetics. 2004 ; Vol. 153, No. 2. pp. 115-121.
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AU - Higgins, Christine M.

AU - Pickering, Diane L.

AU - Hess, Michelle M.

AU - Chan, Wing C.

AU - Sanger, Warren G.

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N2 - Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), the most common subtype of adult non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL), is infrequently seen in adolescents and is rare in children. Due to the infrequency of the disease, single institution-based cytogenetic and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) studies of pediatric DLBCL have not been reported so far and, hence, the possible differences in pediatric and adult DLBCL have not been evaluated. We performed cytogenetic and FISH analyses of 7 pediatric and 5 young adult DLBCL cases referred to the University of Nebraska Medical Center. Karyotypic studies revealed numeric and structural chromosome abnormalities in all cases. Loss of chromosomes 2, 3, 4, 6, 12, 15, 16, and 17, and gain of 12, 18, and X were observed in more than 20% of the cases (≥3 cases). Sex chromosome abnormalities and cytogenetically unidentifiable chromosomes and/or segments were observed in 80% (10/12) of the cases. Recurrent breakpoints (observed in 3 or more cases) included 14q32 (IGH) and 17p13 (TP53), which clustered in the young adult group. The breakpoints 7q36, 9p24, 13q34, and 16q24 were noted in two cases each. We performed interphase FISH studies to verify the possible rearrangements of the breakpoints that are frequently implicated in adult DLBCL. Our results confirmed that the pediatric cases did not show rearrangements of 3q27 (BCL6), 14q32 (IGH), 18q21 (BCL2), 8q24 (CMYC), and 17p13 (TP53), except for one case with IGH;BCL2 dual fusion [t(14;18)(q32;q21)] and one with a 17p13 (TP53) deletion. Although 3q27 was noted to be rearranged by conventional cytogenetics in two young adult DLBCL cases, FISH investigations verified that BCL6 was not disrupted. The t(8;14)(q24;q32) with rearranged CMYC ascertained by FISH, was observed in a single young adult DLBCL case. These results highlight a distinctly different representation of cytogenetic abnormalities in pediatric versus adult DLBCL.

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