Cross-sectional pinching in human femoropopliteal arteries due to limb flexion, and stent design optimization for maximum cross-sectional opening and minimum intramural stresses

Anastasia Desyatova, William Poulson, Jason N Mactaggart, Kaspars Maleckis, Alexey Kamenskiy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

High failure rates of femoropopliteal artery (FPA) interventions are often attributed to severe mechanical deformations that occur with limb flexion. One of these deformations, cross-sectional pinching, has a direct effect on blood flow, but is poorly characterized. Intra-arterial markers were deployed into n ¼ 50 in situ cadaveric FPAs (80 + 12 years old, 14F/11M), and limbs were imaged in standing, walking, sitting and gardening postures. Image analysis was used to measure marker openings and calculate FPA pinching. Parametric finite element analysis on a stent section was used to determine the optimal combination of stent strut amplitude, thickness and the number of struts per section to maximize cross-sectional opening and minimize intramural mechanical stress and low wall shear stress. Pinching was higher distally and increased with increasing limb flexion. In the walking, sitting and gardening postures, it was 1.16 – 1.24, 1.17 – 1.26 and 1.19 – 1.35, respectively. Stent strut amplitude and thickness had strong effects on both intramural stresses and pinching. Stents with a strut amplitude of 3 mm, thickness of 175 mm and 20 struts per section produced pinching and intramural stresses typical for a non-stented FPA, while also minimizing low wall shear stress areas, and ensuring a stent lifespan of at least 10 7 cycles. These results can help guide the development of improved devices and materials to treat peripheral arterial disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number20180475
JournalJournal of the Royal Society Interface
Volume15
Issue number145
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018

Fingerprint

Stents
Struts
Extremities
Arteries
Gardening
Posture
Walking
Shear stress
Finite Element Analysis
Mechanical Stress
Peripheral Arterial Disease
Image analysis
Blood
Design optimization
Finite element method
Equipment and Supplies

Keywords

  • Design
  • Femoropopliteal artery
  • Intra-arterial markers
  • Limb flexion
  • Pinching
  • Stent

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Biophysics
  • Bioengineering
  • Biomaterials
  • Biochemistry
  • Biomedical Engineering

Cite this

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title = "Cross-sectional pinching in human femoropopliteal arteries due to limb flexion, and stent design optimization for maximum cross-sectional opening and minimum intramural stresses",
abstract = "High failure rates of femoropopliteal artery (FPA) interventions are often attributed to severe mechanical deformations that occur with limb flexion. One of these deformations, cross-sectional pinching, has a direct effect on blood flow, but is poorly characterized. Intra-arterial markers were deployed into n ¼ 50 in situ cadaveric FPAs (80 + 12 years old, 14F/11M), and limbs were imaged in standing, walking, sitting and gardening postures. Image analysis was used to measure marker openings and calculate FPA pinching. Parametric finite element analysis on a stent section was used to determine the optimal combination of stent strut amplitude, thickness and the number of struts per section to maximize cross-sectional opening and minimize intramural mechanical stress and low wall shear stress. Pinching was higher distally and increased with increasing limb flexion. In the walking, sitting and gardening postures, it was 1.16 – 1.24, 1.17 – 1.26 and 1.19 – 1.35, respectively. Stent strut amplitude and thickness had strong effects on both intramural stresses and pinching. Stents with a strut amplitude of 3 mm, thickness of 175 mm and 20 struts per section produced pinching and intramural stresses typical for a non-stented FPA, while also minimizing low wall shear stress areas, and ensuring a stent lifespan of at least 10 7 cycles. These results can help guide the development of improved devices and materials to treat peripheral arterial disease.",
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AU - Poulson, William

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AU - Maleckis, Kaspars

AU - Kamenskiy, Alexey

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N2 - High failure rates of femoropopliteal artery (FPA) interventions are often attributed to severe mechanical deformations that occur with limb flexion. One of these deformations, cross-sectional pinching, has a direct effect on blood flow, but is poorly characterized. Intra-arterial markers were deployed into n ¼ 50 in situ cadaveric FPAs (80 + 12 years old, 14F/11M), and limbs were imaged in standing, walking, sitting and gardening postures. Image analysis was used to measure marker openings and calculate FPA pinching. Parametric finite element analysis on a stent section was used to determine the optimal combination of stent strut amplitude, thickness and the number of struts per section to maximize cross-sectional opening and minimize intramural mechanical stress and low wall shear stress. Pinching was higher distally and increased with increasing limb flexion. In the walking, sitting and gardening postures, it was 1.16 – 1.24, 1.17 – 1.26 and 1.19 – 1.35, respectively. Stent strut amplitude and thickness had strong effects on both intramural stresses and pinching. Stents with a strut amplitude of 3 mm, thickness of 175 mm and 20 struts per section produced pinching and intramural stresses typical for a non-stented FPA, while also minimizing low wall shear stress areas, and ensuring a stent lifespan of at least 10 7 cycles. These results can help guide the development of improved devices and materials to treat peripheral arterial disease.

AB - High failure rates of femoropopliteal artery (FPA) interventions are often attributed to severe mechanical deformations that occur with limb flexion. One of these deformations, cross-sectional pinching, has a direct effect on blood flow, but is poorly characterized. Intra-arterial markers were deployed into n ¼ 50 in situ cadaveric FPAs (80 + 12 years old, 14F/11M), and limbs were imaged in standing, walking, sitting and gardening postures. Image analysis was used to measure marker openings and calculate FPA pinching. Parametric finite element analysis on a stent section was used to determine the optimal combination of stent strut amplitude, thickness and the number of struts per section to maximize cross-sectional opening and minimize intramural mechanical stress and low wall shear stress. Pinching was higher distally and increased with increasing limb flexion. In the walking, sitting and gardening postures, it was 1.16 – 1.24, 1.17 – 1.26 and 1.19 – 1.35, respectively. Stent strut amplitude and thickness had strong effects on both intramural stresses and pinching. Stents with a strut amplitude of 3 mm, thickness of 175 mm and 20 struts per section produced pinching and intramural stresses typical for a non-stented FPA, while also minimizing low wall shear stress areas, and ensuring a stent lifespan of at least 10 7 cycles. These results can help guide the development of improved devices and materials to treat peripheral arterial disease.

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