Critical currents and scaling laws in sputtered copper molybdenum sulfide

Samuel A. Alterovitz, John A. Woollam, Lee Kammerdiner, Huey Lin Luo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We have measured critical current densities Jc, of superconducting copper molybdenum sulfide prepared by sputtering onto heated sapphire substrates. In addition, we have examined the samples with SEM, TEM, electron microprobe, and x-ray diffraction techniques. Critical currents were measured as a function of external magnetic field and as a function of temperature and sample preparation conditions. We find that a scaling law P = CBc2nf(b) describes our results, where P is the pinning force per unit volume, Bc2 is the upper critical field, b is the reduced field b ≡ B/Bc2, f(b) is a function of b only, and C is a constant of proportionality. Our results fit the flux shearing model of Kramer from relatively low b (≃0.5) to b = 1. Furthermore, applying this model to PbMo6S8, we estimate the critical current density as a function of magnetic field. For example, we predict Jc108 A/m2 at 26 T. From analysis of all experimental data on our samples, we conclude that flux pinning is mainly on excess Mo metal. The Mo is present as a second phase in the predominantly Chevrel-phase CuxMo6S8, while all the Cu metal is included in the Chevrel phase.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)797-812
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Low Temperature Physics
Volume30
Issue number5-6
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 1978

Fingerprint

molybdenum sulfides
copper sulfides
Scaling laws
Critical currents
scaling laws
Molybdenum
Copper
critical current
Metals
Magnetic fields
Flux pinning
Aluminum Oxide
Shearing
Sapphire
current density
Sputtering
Diffraction
flux pinning
Fluxes
Transmission electron microscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Critical currents and scaling laws in sputtered copper molybdenum sulfide. / Alterovitz, Samuel A.; Woollam, John A.; Kammerdiner, Lee; Luo, Huey Lin.

In: Journal of Low Temperature Physics, Vol. 30, No. 5-6, 01.03.1978, p. 797-812.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Alterovitz, Samuel A. ; Woollam, John A. ; Kammerdiner, Lee ; Luo, Huey Lin. / Critical currents and scaling laws in sputtered copper molybdenum sulfide. In: Journal of Low Temperature Physics. 1978 ; Vol. 30, No. 5-6. pp. 797-812.
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