Correlation between histidine operon expression and guanosine 5'-diphosphate-3'-diphosphate levels during amino acid downshift in stringent and relaxed strains of Salmonella typhimurium.

R. F. Shand, P. H. Blum, R. D. Mueller, D. L. Riggs, S. W. Artz

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Abstract

We have analyzed the correlation of attenuator-independent expression of the Salmonella typhimurium histidine operon in vivo with levels of the "alarmone" guanosine 5'-diphosphate 3'-diphosphate. Amino acid downshift caused by serine hydroxamate addition increased his expression in a relA+ strain and decreased his expression in a relA mutant, whereas levels of guanosine 5'-diphosphate-3'-diphosphate varied in parallel with the changes in his expression in the two strains. In several experiments, overall variations in his expression ranged from 20- to 60-fold after downshift. The mild downshift allowed growth of the cultures to continue at near-preshift rates. Serine hydroxamate addition was also used to analyze the effect of amino acid downshift on induced expression of wild-type and mutant lac promoters. There was a 12-fold difference in lac expression when a relA+-relA1 pair was subjected to mild starvation but only a 3-fold difference when the strains carried the lacZpL8UV5 promoter mutation. These results suggest that guanosine 5'-diphosphate-3'-diphosphate stimulates gene expression in vivo at the level of transcription initiation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)737-743
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of bacteriology
Volume171
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1989

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Molecular Biology

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