Coping motives and trait negative affect: Testing mediation and moderation models of alcohol problems among American Red Cross disaster workers who responded to the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks

Raluca M. Gaher, Jeffrey S. Simons, Gerard A. Jacobs, David Meyer, Erika Johnson-Jimenez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Scopus citations


This study explored the mechanism by which trait negative affect and alcohol coping motives are associated with alcohol-related problems in a sample of American Red Cross workers who participated in the relief operation following the attacks in New York City, the Pentagon, and the Pennsylvania crash site on Sept. 11th 2001. The results supported the mediation but not moderation model of coping motives. The support for the mediation model was fairly strong, including small to moderate associations between negative affect and alcohol problems, moderate to strong associations between negative affect and coping motives, and evidence of coping motives mediating the negative affect to alcohol problems relationships. The association between negative affect and coping motives was stronger among younger participants.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1319-1330
Number of pages12
JournalAddictive Behaviors
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1 2006



  • Alcohol problems
  • Coping-motivated drinking
  • Disaster workers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Toxicology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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