COP9 signalosome subunit Csn8 is involved in maintaining proper duration of the G1 phase

Cheng Liu, Li Quan Guo, Suchithra Menon, Dan Jin, Elah Pick, Xuejun Wang, Xing Wang Deng, Ning Wei

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

The COP9 signalosome (CSN) is a conserved protein complex known to be involved in developmental processes of eukaryotic organisms. Genetic disruption of a CSN gene causes arrest during early embryonic development in mice. The Csn8 subunit is the smallest and the least conserved subunit, being absent from the CSN complex of several fungal species. Nevertheless, Csn8 is an integral component of the CSN complex in higher eukaryotes, where it is essential for life. By characterizing the mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) that express Csn8 at a low level, we found that Csn8 plays an important role in maintaining the proper duration of the G1 phase of the cell cycle. A decreased level of Csn8, either in Csn8 hypomorphic MEFs or following siRNA-mediated knockdown in HeLa cells, accelerated cell growth rate. Csn8 hypomorphic MEFs exhibited a shortened G1 duration and affected expression of G1 regulators. In contrast to Csn8, down-regulation of Csn5 impaired cell proliferation. Csn5 proteins were found both as a component of the CSN complex and outside of CSN (Csn5-f), and the amount of Csn5-f relative to CSN was increased in the Csn8 hypomorphic cells. We conclude that CSN harbors both positive and negative regulators of the cell cycle and therefore is poised to influence the fate of a cell at the crossroad of cell division, differentiation, and senescence. copy; 2013 by The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)20443-20452
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume288
Issue number28
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 12 2013

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G1 Phase
Fibroblasts
Cells
Cell Cycle
Cell Aging
Cell proliferation
Cell growth
Ports and harbors
COP9 signalosome complex
Eukaryota
HeLa Cells
Cell Division
Small Interfering RNA
Embryonic Development
Cell Differentiation
Proteins
Down-Regulation
Genes
Cell Proliferation
Growth

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

COP9 signalosome subunit Csn8 is involved in maintaining proper duration of the G1 phase. / Liu, Cheng; Guo, Li Quan; Menon, Suchithra; Jin, Dan; Pick, Elah; Wang, Xuejun; Deng, Xing Wang; Wei, Ning.

In: Journal of Biological Chemistry, Vol. 288, No. 28, 12.07.2013, p. 20443-20452.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Liu, Cheng ; Guo, Li Quan ; Menon, Suchithra ; Jin, Dan ; Pick, Elah ; Wang, Xuejun ; Deng, Xing Wang ; Wei, Ning. / COP9 signalosome subunit Csn8 is involved in maintaining proper duration of the G1 phase. In: Journal of Biological Chemistry. 2013 ; Vol. 288, No. 28. pp. 20443-20452.
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abstract = "The COP9 signalosome (CSN) is a conserved protein complex known to be involved in developmental processes of eukaryotic organisms. Genetic disruption of a CSN gene causes arrest during early embryonic development in mice. The Csn8 subunit is the smallest and the least conserved subunit, being absent from the CSN complex of several fungal species. Nevertheless, Csn8 is an integral component of the CSN complex in higher eukaryotes, where it is essential for life. By characterizing the mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) that express Csn8 at a low level, we found that Csn8 plays an important role in maintaining the proper duration of the G1 phase of the cell cycle. A decreased level of Csn8, either in Csn8 hypomorphic MEFs or following siRNA-mediated knockdown in HeLa cells, accelerated cell growth rate. Csn8 hypomorphic MEFs exhibited a shortened G1 duration and affected expression of G1 regulators. In contrast to Csn8, down-regulation of Csn5 impaired cell proliferation. Csn5 proteins were found both as a component of the CSN complex and outside of CSN (Csn5-f), and the amount of Csn5-f relative to CSN was increased in the Csn8 hypomorphic cells. We conclude that CSN harbors both positive and negative regulators of the cell cycle and therefore is poised to influence the fate of a cell at the crossroad of cell division, differentiation, and senescence. copy; 2013 by The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc.",
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