Contributions of glutamate transporters and Ca2+-activated Cl currents to feedback from horizontal cells to cone photoreceptors

Xiangyi Wen, Wallace B. Thoreson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Lateral inhibitory feedback from horizontal cells (HCs) to cones establishes center-surround receptive fields and color opponency in the retina. When HCs hyperpolarize to light, inhibitory feedback to cones increases activation of cone Ca2+ currents (ICa) that can in turn activate additional currents. We recorded simultaneously from cones and HCs to analyze cone currents activated by HC feedback in salamander retina. Depolarization-activated inward tail currents in cones were inhibited by CaCCinh-A01 that inhibits both Ano1 and Ano2 Ca2+-activated Cl currents (ICl(Ca)). An Ano1-selective inhibitor Ani9 was less effective suggesting that Ano2 is the predominant ICl(Ca) subtype in cones. CaCCinh-A01 inhibited feedback currents more strongly when intracellular Ca2+ in cones was buffered with 0.05 mM EGTA compared to stronger buffering with 5 mM EGTA. By contrast, blocking glutamate transporter anion currents (ICl(Glu)) with TBOA had stronger inhibitory effects on cone feedback currents when Ca2+ buffering was strong. Inward feedback currents ran down at rates intermediate between rundown of glutamate release and ICl(Ca), consistent with contributions to feedback from both ICl(Ca) and ICl(Glu). These results suggest that Cl channels coupled to glutamate transporters help to speed inward feedback currents initiated by local changes in intracellular [Ca2+] close to synaptic ribbons of cones whereas Ano2 Ca2+-activated Cl channels contribute to slower components of feedback regulated by spatially extensive changes in intracellular [Ca2+].

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number107847
JournalExperimental Eye Research
Volume189
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2019

Fingerprint

Retinal Cone Photoreceptor Cells
Amino Acid Transport System X-AG
Egtazic Acid
Retina
Urodela
Anions
Tail
Glutamic Acid
Color
Light

Keywords

  • Calcium-activated chloride channel
  • Cone photoreceptor
  • Excitatory amino acid transporter
  • Glutamate transporter anion current
  • Horizontal cell feedback
  • Retina
  • Ribbon synapse

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

Cite this

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title = "Contributions of glutamate transporters and Ca2+-activated Cl− currents to feedback from horizontal cells to cone photoreceptors",
abstract = "Lateral inhibitory feedback from horizontal cells (HCs) to cones establishes center-surround receptive fields and color opponency in the retina. When HCs hyperpolarize to light, inhibitory feedback to cones increases activation of cone Ca2+ currents (ICa) that can in turn activate additional currents. We recorded simultaneously from cones and HCs to analyze cone currents activated by HC feedback in salamander retina. Depolarization-activated inward tail currents in cones were inhibited by CaCCinh-A01 that inhibits both Ano1 and Ano2 Ca2+-activated Cl− currents (ICl(Ca)). An Ano1-selective inhibitor Ani9 was less effective suggesting that Ano2 is the predominant ICl(Ca) subtype in cones. CaCCinh-A01 inhibited feedback currents more strongly when intracellular Ca2+ in cones was buffered with 0.05 mM EGTA compared to stronger buffering with 5 mM EGTA. By contrast, blocking glutamate transporter anion currents (ICl(Glu)) with TBOA had stronger inhibitory effects on cone feedback currents when Ca2+ buffering was strong. Inward feedback currents ran down at rates intermediate between rundown of glutamate release and ICl(Ca), consistent with contributions to feedback from both ICl(Ca) and ICl(Glu). These results suggest that Cl− channels coupled to glutamate transporters help to speed inward feedback currents initiated by local changes in intracellular [Ca2+] close to synaptic ribbons of cones whereas Ano2 Ca2+-activated Cl− channels contribute to slower components of feedback regulated by spatially extensive changes in intracellular [Ca2+].",
keywords = "Calcium-activated chloride channel, Cone photoreceptor, Excitatory amino acid transporter, Glutamate transporter anion current, Horizontal cell feedback, Retina, Ribbon synapse",
author = "Xiangyi Wen and Thoreson, {Wallace B.}",
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language = "English (US)",
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journal = "Experimental Eye Research",
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T1 - Contributions of glutamate transporters and Ca2+-activated Cl− currents to feedback from horizontal cells to cone photoreceptors

AU - Wen, Xiangyi

AU - Thoreson, Wallace B.

PY - 2019/12

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N2 - Lateral inhibitory feedback from horizontal cells (HCs) to cones establishes center-surround receptive fields and color opponency in the retina. When HCs hyperpolarize to light, inhibitory feedback to cones increases activation of cone Ca2+ currents (ICa) that can in turn activate additional currents. We recorded simultaneously from cones and HCs to analyze cone currents activated by HC feedback in salamander retina. Depolarization-activated inward tail currents in cones were inhibited by CaCCinh-A01 that inhibits both Ano1 and Ano2 Ca2+-activated Cl− currents (ICl(Ca)). An Ano1-selective inhibitor Ani9 was less effective suggesting that Ano2 is the predominant ICl(Ca) subtype in cones. CaCCinh-A01 inhibited feedback currents more strongly when intracellular Ca2+ in cones was buffered with 0.05 mM EGTA compared to stronger buffering with 5 mM EGTA. By contrast, blocking glutamate transporter anion currents (ICl(Glu)) with TBOA had stronger inhibitory effects on cone feedback currents when Ca2+ buffering was strong. Inward feedback currents ran down at rates intermediate between rundown of glutamate release and ICl(Ca), consistent with contributions to feedback from both ICl(Ca) and ICl(Glu). These results suggest that Cl− channels coupled to glutamate transporters help to speed inward feedback currents initiated by local changes in intracellular [Ca2+] close to synaptic ribbons of cones whereas Ano2 Ca2+-activated Cl− channels contribute to slower components of feedback regulated by spatially extensive changes in intracellular [Ca2+].

AB - Lateral inhibitory feedback from horizontal cells (HCs) to cones establishes center-surround receptive fields and color opponency in the retina. When HCs hyperpolarize to light, inhibitory feedback to cones increases activation of cone Ca2+ currents (ICa) that can in turn activate additional currents. We recorded simultaneously from cones and HCs to analyze cone currents activated by HC feedback in salamander retina. Depolarization-activated inward tail currents in cones were inhibited by CaCCinh-A01 that inhibits both Ano1 and Ano2 Ca2+-activated Cl− currents (ICl(Ca)). An Ano1-selective inhibitor Ani9 was less effective suggesting that Ano2 is the predominant ICl(Ca) subtype in cones. CaCCinh-A01 inhibited feedback currents more strongly when intracellular Ca2+ in cones was buffered with 0.05 mM EGTA compared to stronger buffering with 5 mM EGTA. By contrast, blocking glutamate transporter anion currents (ICl(Glu)) with TBOA had stronger inhibitory effects on cone feedback currents when Ca2+ buffering was strong. Inward feedback currents ran down at rates intermediate between rundown of glutamate release and ICl(Ca), consistent with contributions to feedback from both ICl(Ca) and ICl(Glu). These results suggest that Cl− channels coupled to glutamate transporters help to speed inward feedback currents initiated by local changes in intracellular [Ca2+] close to synaptic ribbons of cones whereas Ano2 Ca2+-activated Cl− channels contribute to slower components of feedback regulated by spatially extensive changes in intracellular [Ca2+].

KW - Calcium-activated chloride channel

KW - Cone photoreceptor

KW - Excitatory amino acid transporter

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KW - Horizontal cell feedback

KW - Retina

KW - Ribbon synapse

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