Continuous DNA Nanofibers with Extraordinary Mechanical Properties and High Molecular Orientation

Kaspars Maleckis, Yuris Dzenis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The dual nano–macro nature of continuous nanofibers holds great promise in bridging the unique nanoscale properties of DNA to macroscopic devices. However, due to the limitations of existing manufacturing methods, controlled fabrication of macroscopically long DNA nanofibers has not been achieved so far. This article presents optimized electrospinning of substrate-free and uniform DNA nanofibers with macroscopic lengths and diameters ranging from ultrafine (<50 nm) to submicron scale. Mechanical tests of individual DNA nanofibers show highly nonlinear deformation in tension that is accompanied by unexpectedly high true strength (>1 GPa) and toughness (>200 MPa) values for the thinnest tested nanofibers. Molecular characterization with X-ray diffraction and polarized Raman spectroscopy indicates that the high mechanical properties and their unusual size effects in DNA nanofibers originate from the high molecular alignment that is preserved with the increase in diameter. These results show that electrospun DNA nanofibers can overcome the weaknesses of DNA nanostructures manufactured by other top-down and bottom-up methods and that they offer novel capabilities for the DNA-based nanomaterials.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1800302
JournalMacromolecular Materials and Engineering
Volume303
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2018

Fingerprint

Molecular orientation
Nanofibers
DNA
Mechanical properties
Electrospinning
Nanostructured materials
Toughness
Raman spectroscopy
Nanostructures
Fabrication
X ray diffraction
Substrates

Keywords

  • DNA mechanics
  • DNA nanofibers
  • electrospinning
  • nanofiber Raman spectroscopy
  • nanofiber XRD

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Continuous DNA Nanofibers with Extraordinary Mechanical Properties and High Molecular Orientation. / Maleckis, Kaspars; Dzenis, Yuris.

In: Macromolecular Materials and Engineering, Vol. 303, No. 10, 1800302, 10.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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