Contextual influences on the relations between physical and relational aggression and peer victimization

Jonathan Bruce Santo, Ellyn Charlotte Bass, Luz Stella-Lopez, William M. Bukowski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations


Previous studies have demonstrated that several contextual factors influence the relationship between aggression and peer victimization in early adolescence, including gender of the same-sex peer group and gender composition of the school. The current study replicated and expanded on this research by examining the moderating influences of gender of the same-sex peer group, same-sex peer group norms, and classroom gender composition in a sample of early adolescents from Barranquilla, Colombia. Multilevel modeling analyses indicated that both relational and physical aggression were positive predictors of peer victimization. Relationally aggressive girls were at a lower risk for victimization while physically aggressive girls were at a higher risk. Relational aggression was a weaker predictor in classes with a larger proportion of girls. Additionally, relational aggression was a weaker predictor in same-sex peer groups with a greater prevalence of relational aggression. These findings provide further evidence of multiple forms of contextual influence on social behavior. Practical implications for these findings are also provided.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)42-59
Number of pages18
JournalSchool Psychology International
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 1 2017



  • classroom context
  • gender ratio
  • peer victimization
  • physical aggression
  • relational aggression

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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