Considerations of context and scale when using fecal glucocorticoids to indicate stress in large mammals: A study of wild American plains bison

Dustin H. Ranglack, Lorin A. Neuman-Lee, Susannah S. French, Johan T. Du Toit

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Noninvasive measures of stress response are used to understand impacts of natural and anthropogenic disturbances on wild animals and can be challenging to interpret without additional contextual information and specifics of the animals in question. We used fecal samples collected from the Henry Mountains American plains bison (Bison bison) herd in Utah to measure the glucocorticoid hormone corticosterone (CORT), a hormone that is indicative of stress. We compared site-specific measures of fecal CORT concentration with measures of covariates related to geography, bison physiology, and human activity to determine whether an unexpected habitat selection pattern could be a response to human disturbance and thus whether ecological covariates could explain variations in fecal CORT concentration in free-ranging bison. No meaningful relationships were found for any of the covariates included in the study, in part due to a scale mismatch between the physiological stress response of bison and the spatiotemporal distribution of fresh feces deposited.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)62-68
Number of pages7
JournalSouthwestern Naturalist
Volume62
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2017

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bison
glucocorticoids
hormone
corticosterone
mammal
mammals
disturbance
habitat selection
feces
physiology
stress response
human activity
hormones
mountain
animal
geography
wild animals
habitat preferences
physical activity
anthropogenic activities

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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Considerations of context and scale when using fecal glucocorticoids to indicate stress in large mammals : A study of wild American plains bison. / Ranglack, Dustin H.; Neuman-Lee, Lorin A.; French, Susannah S.; Du Toit, Johan T.

In: Southwestern Naturalist, Vol. 62, No. 1, 01.03.2017, p. 62-68.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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