Conceptualizing and measuring historical trauma among American Indian people

Leslie B Whitbeck, Gary W. Adams, Danny R Hoyt, Xiaojin Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

283 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This article reports on the development of two measures relating to historical trauma among American Indian people: The Historical Loss Scale and The Historical Loss Associated Symptoms Scale. Measurement characteristics including frequencies, internal reliability, and confirmatory factor analyses were calculated based on 143 American Indian adult parents of children aged 10 through 12 years who are part of an ongoing longitudinal study of American Indian families in the upper Midwest. Results indicate both scales have high internal reliability. Frequencies indicate that the current generation of American Indian adults have frequent thoughts pertaining to historical losses and that they associate these losses with negative feelings. Two factors of the Historical Loss Associated Symptoms Scale indicate one anxiety/depression component and one anger/avoidance component. The results are discussed in terms of future research and theory pertaining to historical trauma among American Indian people.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)119-130
Number of pages12
JournalAmerican Journal of Community Psychology
Volume33
Issue number3-4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2004

Fingerprint

North American Indians
American Indian
trauma
Wounds and Injuries
Anger
anger
Statistical Factor Analysis
Longitudinal Studies
longitudinal study
Emotions
parents
Anxiety
Parents
Depression
anxiety

Keywords

  • American Indians
  • Historical grief
  • Historical trauma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Applied Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Conceptualizing and measuring historical trauma among American Indian people. / Whitbeck, Leslie B; Adams, Gary W.; Hoyt, Danny R; Chen, Xiaojin.

In: American Journal of Community Psychology, Vol. 33, No. 3-4, 01.06.2004, p. 119-130.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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