Computational analysis of ligand–receptor interactions in wild-type and mutant erythropoietin complexes

Nicholas J. Pekas, Samuel S. Newton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Erythropoietin (EPO), a pleiotropic cytokine, binds to its receptor (EPOR) in bone marrow, activating a signaling cascade that results in red blood cell proliferation. A recently discovered naturally occurring EPO mutation (R150Q) at active site 1 (AS1) of the protein was shown to attenuate its canonical downstream signaling, eliminating its hematopoietic effects and causing a fatal anemia. The purpose of this work was to analyze the EPO–EPOR complex computationally to provide a structural explanation for this signaling change. Materials and methods: Computational structural biology analyses and molecular dynamics simulations were used to determine key interaction differences between the R150Q mutant and the wild-type form of EPO. Both were compared to another variant mutated at the same position, R150E, which also lacks hematopoietic activity. Results: The ligand–receptor interactions of the R150Q and R150E mutants showed significant variations in how they interacted with EPOR at AS1 of the EPO–EPOR complex. Both lost specific reported salt bridges previously associated with full complex activation. Conclusion: This work describes how the ligand–receptor interactions at AS1 of the EPO– EPOR complex respond to mutations at the 150th position. The interactions at AS1 were used to propose a potential mechanism by which the binding of EPO to the extracellular domain of EPOR influences its cytosolic domain and the resulting signaling cascade.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
JournalAdvances and Applications in Bioinformatics and Chemistry
Volume11
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018

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Erythropoietin
Catalytic Domain
Cell proliferation
Computational methods
Mutation
Molecular dynamics
Molecular Dynamics Simulation
Bone
Computational Biology
Blood
Chemical activation
Salts
Anemia
Proteins
Erythrocytes
Bone Marrow
Cell Proliferation
Cytokines
Computer simulation

Keywords

  • Binding affinity
  • Hematopoiesis
  • Molecular dynamics
  • Signaling cascade

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry (miscellaneous)
  • Biochemistry
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology (miscellaneous)
  • Computer Science Applications

Cite this

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title = "Computational analysis of ligand–receptor interactions in wild-type and mutant erythropoietin complexes",
abstract = "Background: Erythropoietin (EPO), a pleiotropic cytokine, binds to its receptor (EPOR) in bone marrow, activating a signaling cascade that results in red blood cell proliferation. A recently discovered naturally occurring EPO mutation (R150Q) at active site 1 (AS1) of the protein was shown to attenuate its canonical downstream signaling, eliminating its hematopoietic effects and causing a fatal anemia. The purpose of this work was to analyze the EPO–EPOR complex computationally to provide a structural explanation for this signaling change. Materials and methods: Computational structural biology analyses and molecular dynamics simulations were used to determine key interaction differences between the R150Q mutant and the wild-type form of EPO. Both were compared to another variant mutated at the same position, R150E, which also lacks hematopoietic activity. Results: The ligand–receptor interactions of the R150Q and R150E mutants showed significant variations in how they interacted with EPOR at AS1 of the EPO–EPOR complex. Both lost specific reported salt bridges previously associated with full complex activation. Conclusion: This work describes how the ligand–receptor interactions at AS1 of the EPO– EPOR complex respond to mutations at the 150th position. The interactions at AS1 were used to propose a potential mechanism by which the binding of EPO to the extracellular domain of EPOR influences its cytosolic domain and the resulting signaling cascade.",
keywords = "Binding affinity, Hematopoiesis, Molecular dynamics, Signaling cascade",
author = "Pekas, {Nicholas J.} and Newton, {Samuel S.}",
year = "2018",
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language = "English (US)",
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AU - Newton, Samuel S.

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N2 - Background: Erythropoietin (EPO), a pleiotropic cytokine, binds to its receptor (EPOR) in bone marrow, activating a signaling cascade that results in red blood cell proliferation. A recently discovered naturally occurring EPO mutation (R150Q) at active site 1 (AS1) of the protein was shown to attenuate its canonical downstream signaling, eliminating its hematopoietic effects and causing a fatal anemia. The purpose of this work was to analyze the EPO–EPOR complex computationally to provide a structural explanation for this signaling change. Materials and methods: Computational structural biology analyses and molecular dynamics simulations were used to determine key interaction differences between the R150Q mutant and the wild-type form of EPO. Both were compared to another variant mutated at the same position, R150E, which also lacks hematopoietic activity. Results: The ligand–receptor interactions of the R150Q and R150E mutants showed significant variations in how they interacted with EPOR at AS1 of the EPO–EPOR complex. Both lost specific reported salt bridges previously associated with full complex activation. Conclusion: This work describes how the ligand–receptor interactions at AS1 of the EPO– EPOR complex respond to mutations at the 150th position. The interactions at AS1 were used to propose a potential mechanism by which the binding of EPO to the extracellular domain of EPOR influences its cytosolic domain and the resulting signaling cascade.

AB - Background: Erythropoietin (EPO), a pleiotropic cytokine, binds to its receptor (EPOR) in bone marrow, activating a signaling cascade that results in red blood cell proliferation. A recently discovered naturally occurring EPO mutation (R150Q) at active site 1 (AS1) of the protein was shown to attenuate its canonical downstream signaling, eliminating its hematopoietic effects and causing a fatal anemia. The purpose of this work was to analyze the EPO–EPOR complex computationally to provide a structural explanation for this signaling change. Materials and methods: Computational structural biology analyses and molecular dynamics simulations were used to determine key interaction differences between the R150Q mutant and the wild-type form of EPO. Both were compared to another variant mutated at the same position, R150E, which also lacks hematopoietic activity. Results: The ligand–receptor interactions of the R150Q and R150E mutants showed significant variations in how they interacted with EPOR at AS1 of the EPO–EPOR complex. Both lost specific reported salt bridges previously associated with full complex activation. Conclusion: This work describes how the ligand–receptor interactions at AS1 of the EPO– EPOR complex respond to mutations at the 150th position. The interactions at AS1 were used to propose a potential mechanism by which the binding of EPO to the extracellular domain of EPOR influences its cytosolic domain and the resulting signaling cascade.

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