Complementary effects of cereal and pulse polyphenols and dietary fiber on chronic inflammation and gut health

Joseph M. Awika, Devin J. Rose, Senay Simsek

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cereal grains and grain pulses are primary staples often consumed together, and contribute a major portion of daily human calorie and protein intake globally. Protective effects of consuming whole grain cereals and grain pulses against various inflammation-related chronic diseases are well documented. However, potential benefits of combined intake of whole cereals and pulses beyond their complementary amino acid nutrition is rarely considered in literature. There is ample evidence that key bioactive components of whole grain cereals and pulses are structurally different and thus may be optimized to provide synergistic/complementary health benefits. Among the most important whole grain bioactive components are polyphenols and dietary fiber, not only because of their demonstrated biological function, but also their major impact on consumer choice of whole grain/pulse products. This review highlights the distinct structural differences between key cereal grain and pulse polyphenols and non-starch polysaccharides (dietary fiber), and the evidence on specific synergistic/complementary benefits of combining the bioactive components from the two commodities. Interactive effects of the polyphenols and fiber on gut microbiota and associated benefits to colon health, and against systemic inflammation, are discussed. Processing technologies that can be used to further enhance the interactive benefits of combined cereal-pulse bioactive compounds are highlighted.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1389-1409
Number of pages21
JournalFood and Function
Volume9
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2018

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Dietary Fiber
Polyphenols
polyphenols
dietary fiber
legumes
digestive system
inflammation
Inflammation
whole grain foods
Health
small cereal grains
Insurance Benefits
Polysaccharides
Colon
Chronic Disease
staples
consumer preferences
Edible Grain
processing technology
protein intake

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science

Cite this

Complementary effects of cereal and pulse polyphenols and dietary fiber on chronic inflammation and gut health. / Awika, Joseph M.; Rose, Devin J.; Simsek, Senay.

In: Food and Function, Vol. 9, No. 3, 03.2018, p. 1389-1409.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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