Abstract

Study objectives: Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) contributes to all-cause mortality. An American Academy of Sleep Medicine task force is focusing on improving detection and categorization of OSA symptoms and severity to promote screening, assessment, and diagnosis. The purpose of this study was to psychometrically compare measures used in OSA screening (Berlin, Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS), STOP Bang) and a portable sleep monitor (PSM) to apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) and levels from polysomnogram (PSG). Methods: An observational, cross-sectional design was used. Patients referred to a sleep specialist were enrolled at initial sleep evaluation. Participants completed measures used in OSA screening, then sent home for one night using PSM. PSGs were ordered by the physician and AHI results were obtained from the medical record. Results: Participants (N = 170) were enrolled in the study. Almost all participants completed the OSA measures, approximately half-completed PSM measurement, and the majority completed laboratory PSG. The STOP Bang had the highest levels of sensitivity; the ESS had the lowest. The ESS had the highest specificity and reliability levels; the STOP Bang had the lowest. The PSM measure had the highest positive predictive value (PPV) and the strongest psychometric properties of the screening measures. Conclusions: The STOP Bang was the preferred self-report OSA screening measure because of high levels of sensitivity. The ESS was the least desirable measure. PSM measurement consistently predicted the presence of OSA but at the expense of low sensitivity at AHI levels ≥30. This expands the knowledge of validity testing of screening measures used for OSA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)15-21
Number of pages7
JournalSleep Medicine
Volume51
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2018

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Obstructive Sleep Apnea
Sleep
Apnea
Berlin
Advisory Committees
Psychometrics
Self Report
Medical Records
Medicine
Physicians
Mortality

Keywords

  • Assessment
  • Diagnosis
  • Obstructive sleep apnea
  • Portable sleep monitor
  • Screening

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

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title = "Comparisons of measures used to screen for obstructive sleep apnea in patients referred to a sleep clinic",
abstract = "Study objectives: Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) contributes to all-cause mortality. An American Academy of Sleep Medicine task force is focusing on improving detection and categorization of OSA symptoms and severity to promote screening, assessment, and diagnosis. The purpose of this study was to psychometrically compare measures used in OSA screening (Berlin, Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS), STOP Bang) and a portable sleep monitor (PSM) to apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) and levels from polysomnogram (PSG). Methods: An observational, cross-sectional design was used. Patients referred to a sleep specialist were enrolled at initial sleep evaluation. Participants completed measures used in OSA screening, then sent home for one night using PSM. PSGs were ordered by the physician and AHI results were obtained from the medical record. Results: Participants (N = 170) were enrolled in the study. Almost all participants completed the OSA measures, approximately half-completed PSM measurement, and the majority completed laboratory PSG. The STOP Bang had the highest levels of sensitivity; the ESS had the lowest. The ESS had the highest specificity and reliability levels; the STOP Bang had the lowest. The PSM measure had the highest positive predictive value (PPV) and the strongest psychometric properties of the screening measures. Conclusions: The STOP Bang was the preferred self-report OSA screening measure because of high levels of sensitivity. The ESS was the least desirable measure. PSM measurement consistently predicted the presence of OSA but at the expense of low sensitivity at AHI levels ≥30. This expands the knowledge of validity testing of screening measures used for OSA.",
keywords = "Assessment, Diagnosis, Obstructive sleep apnea, Portable sleep monitor, Screening",
author = "Miller, {Jennifer N.} and Kupzyk, {Kevin A} and Zimmerman, {Lani M} and Bunny Pozehl and Schulz, {Paula Sue} and Debra Romberger and Berger, {Ann Malone}",
year = "2018",
month = "11",
doi = "10.1016/j.sleep.2018.06.007",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "51",
pages = "15--21",
journal = "Sleep Medicine",
issn = "1389-9457",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Comparisons of measures used to screen for obstructive sleep apnea in patients referred to a sleep clinic

AU - Miller, Jennifer N.

AU - Kupzyk, Kevin A

AU - Zimmerman, Lani M

AU - Pozehl, Bunny

AU - Schulz, Paula Sue

AU - Romberger, Debra

AU - Berger, Ann Malone

PY - 2018/11

Y1 - 2018/11

N2 - Study objectives: Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) contributes to all-cause mortality. An American Academy of Sleep Medicine task force is focusing on improving detection and categorization of OSA symptoms and severity to promote screening, assessment, and diagnosis. The purpose of this study was to psychometrically compare measures used in OSA screening (Berlin, Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS), STOP Bang) and a portable sleep monitor (PSM) to apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) and levels from polysomnogram (PSG). Methods: An observational, cross-sectional design was used. Patients referred to a sleep specialist were enrolled at initial sleep evaluation. Participants completed measures used in OSA screening, then sent home for one night using PSM. PSGs were ordered by the physician and AHI results were obtained from the medical record. Results: Participants (N = 170) were enrolled in the study. Almost all participants completed the OSA measures, approximately half-completed PSM measurement, and the majority completed laboratory PSG. The STOP Bang had the highest levels of sensitivity; the ESS had the lowest. The ESS had the highest specificity and reliability levels; the STOP Bang had the lowest. The PSM measure had the highest positive predictive value (PPV) and the strongest psychometric properties of the screening measures. Conclusions: The STOP Bang was the preferred self-report OSA screening measure because of high levels of sensitivity. The ESS was the least desirable measure. PSM measurement consistently predicted the presence of OSA but at the expense of low sensitivity at AHI levels ≥30. This expands the knowledge of validity testing of screening measures used for OSA.

AB - Study objectives: Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) contributes to all-cause mortality. An American Academy of Sleep Medicine task force is focusing on improving detection and categorization of OSA symptoms and severity to promote screening, assessment, and diagnosis. The purpose of this study was to psychometrically compare measures used in OSA screening (Berlin, Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS), STOP Bang) and a portable sleep monitor (PSM) to apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) and levels from polysomnogram (PSG). Methods: An observational, cross-sectional design was used. Patients referred to a sleep specialist were enrolled at initial sleep evaluation. Participants completed measures used in OSA screening, then sent home for one night using PSM. PSGs were ordered by the physician and AHI results were obtained from the medical record. Results: Participants (N = 170) were enrolled in the study. Almost all participants completed the OSA measures, approximately half-completed PSM measurement, and the majority completed laboratory PSG. The STOP Bang had the highest levels of sensitivity; the ESS had the lowest. The ESS had the highest specificity and reliability levels; the STOP Bang had the lowest. The PSM measure had the highest positive predictive value (PPV) and the strongest psychometric properties of the screening measures. Conclusions: The STOP Bang was the preferred self-report OSA screening measure because of high levels of sensitivity. The ESS was the least desirable measure. PSM measurement consistently predicted the presence of OSA but at the expense of low sensitivity at AHI levels ≥30. This expands the knowledge of validity testing of screening measures used for OSA.

KW - Assessment

KW - Diagnosis

KW - Obstructive sleep apnea

KW - Portable sleep monitor

KW - Screening

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U2 - 10.1016/j.sleep.2018.06.007

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