Comparison of the use of bulk to micro culture of cell preparations for lymphokine‐activated cytotoxicity assays

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Different assay systems have been used to quantitate lymphokine‐induced natural cytotoxic activity as a measure of immune status. This study compares the effects of inducing cytotoxicity in a bulk culture system, where effector cells are transferred to a micro culture well for assay, to a micro culture system where the effector cells are not transferred. The effector/target ratio for both the bulk and micro culture systems was calculated using the number of viable effector cells present at the time of target cell addition. After over‐night incubation with interleukin‐2 (IL‐2), the lytic activity of murine spleen cells to targets using a micro culture system was increased two‐fold over the bulk culture method. This increase was amplified further after 5 days of activation with IL‐2, in that the micro culture system resulted in a four‐fold increase in cytotoxic activity. The loss of some adherent cells in the bulk culture system did not explain the overall decrease in recovered cytotoxicity. The difference appeared to be related to cell loss during centrifugation. Therefore, the E/T ratios are different in the two systems if not corrected for the number of viable cells. © 1992 Wiley‐Liss, Inc.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)113-118
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
Volume6
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1992

Fingerprint

Cytotoxicity
Cell culture
Assays
Cell Culture Techniques
Centrifugation
Chemical activation
Spleen
Cell Count

Keywords

  • LAK
  • cytokine
  • cytotoxicity
  • interleukin‐2
  • natural killer cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Hematology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Medical Laboratory Technology
  • Biochemistry, medical
  • Microbiology (medical)

Cite this

@article{5c3b65ab05c94267b4147118f4607f29,
title = "Comparison of the use of bulk to micro culture of cell preparations for lymphokine‐activated cytotoxicity assays",
abstract = "Different assay systems have been used to quantitate lymphokine‐induced natural cytotoxic activity as a measure of immune status. This study compares the effects of inducing cytotoxicity in a bulk culture system, where effector cells are transferred to a micro culture well for assay, to a micro culture system where the effector cells are not transferred. The effector/target ratio for both the bulk and micro culture systems was calculated using the number of viable effector cells present at the time of target cell addition. After over‐night incubation with interleukin‐2 (IL‐2), the lytic activity of murine spleen cells to targets using a micro culture system was increased two‐fold over the bulk culture method. This increase was amplified further after 5 days of activation with IL‐2, in that the micro culture system resulted in a four‐fold increase in cytotoxic activity. The loss of some adherent cells in the bulk culture system did not explain the overall decrease in recovered cytotoxicity. The difference appeared to be related to cell loss during centrifugation. Therefore, the E/T ratios are different in the two systems if not corrected for the number of viable cells. {\circledC} 1992 Wiley‐Liss, Inc.",
keywords = "LAK, cytokine, cytotoxicity, interleukin‐2, natural killer cells",
author = "Anderson, {L. H.} and McDonald, {Thomas L} and Thiele, {Geoffrey Milton} and Klassen, {Lynell Warren}",
year = "1992",
doi = "10.1002/jcla.1860060302",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "6",
pages = "113--118",
journal = "Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis",
issn = "0887-8013",
publisher = "Wiley-Liss Inc.",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Comparison of the use of bulk to micro culture of cell preparations for lymphokine‐activated cytotoxicity assays

AU - Anderson, L. H.

AU - McDonald, Thomas L

AU - Thiele, Geoffrey Milton

AU - Klassen, Lynell Warren

PY - 1992

Y1 - 1992

N2 - Different assay systems have been used to quantitate lymphokine‐induced natural cytotoxic activity as a measure of immune status. This study compares the effects of inducing cytotoxicity in a bulk culture system, where effector cells are transferred to a micro culture well for assay, to a micro culture system where the effector cells are not transferred. The effector/target ratio for both the bulk and micro culture systems was calculated using the number of viable effector cells present at the time of target cell addition. After over‐night incubation with interleukin‐2 (IL‐2), the lytic activity of murine spleen cells to targets using a micro culture system was increased two‐fold over the bulk culture method. This increase was amplified further after 5 days of activation with IL‐2, in that the micro culture system resulted in a four‐fold increase in cytotoxic activity. The loss of some adherent cells in the bulk culture system did not explain the overall decrease in recovered cytotoxicity. The difference appeared to be related to cell loss during centrifugation. Therefore, the E/T ratios are different in the two systems if not corrected for the number of viable cells. © 1992 Wiley‐Liss, Inc.

AB - Different assay systems have been used to quantitate lymphokine‐induced natural cytotoxic activity as a measure of immune status. This study compares the effects of inducing cytotoxicity in a bulk culture system, where effector cells are transferred to a micro culture well for assay, to a micro culture system where the effector cells are not transferred. The effector/target ratio for both the bulk and micro culture systems was calculated using the number of viable effector cells present at the time of target cell addition. After over‐night incubation with interleukin‐2 (IL‐2), the lytic activity of murine spleen cells to targets using a micro culture system was increased two‐fold over the bulk culture method. This increase was amplified further after 5 days of activation with IL‐2, in that the micro culture system resulted in a four‐fold increase in cytotoxic activity. The loss of some adherent cells in the bulk culture system did not explain the overall decrease in recovered cytotoxicity. The difference appeared to be related to cell loss during centrifugation. Therefore, the E/T ratios are different in the two systems if not corrected for the number of viable cells. © 1992 Wiley‐Liss, Inc.

KW - LAK

KW - cytokine

KW - cytotoxicity

KW - interleukin‐2

KW - natural killer cells

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0026578993&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0026578993&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1002/jcla.1860060302

DO - 10.1002/jcla.1860060302

M3 - Article

C2 - 1506976

AN - SCOPUS:0026578993

VL - 6

SP - 113

EP - 118

JO - Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis

JF - Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis

SN - 0887-8013

IS - 3

ER -