Comparison of Mannose, Ethylene Glycol, and Methoxy-Terminated Diluents on Specificity and Selectivity of Electrochemical Peptide-Based Sensors

Anita J. Zaitouna, Jesse Joyce, Ronald Cerny, Patrick H Dussault, Rebecca Y Lai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

(Graph Presented). We report the synthesis and application of three new antifouling diluents for the fabrication of an E-PB HIV sensor. Among the three thiolated antifouling diluents used in this study, the methoxy-terminated diluent (C6-MEG) is the most effective in alleviating both nonspecific binding and adsorption of matrix contaminants onto the sensor surface, especially when compared to the mannose- (C6-MAN) and ethylene-glycol-terminated (C6-EG) diluents. The sensor fabricated with C6-MEG has a specificity factor (∼13.5) substantially higher than the sensor passivated with only 6-mercapto-1-hexanol (∼1.5). It is functional even when employed directly in 25% serum, an achievement that has not been observed with this class of E-PB sensors. More importantly, incorporation of these antifouling diluents has negligible impact on other important sensor properties such as sensitivity and binding kinetics. This sensor passivation strategy is versatile and can potentially be used with other E-PB sensors, as well as surface-based sensors that utilize thiol-gold self-assembled monolayer chemistry.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6966-6973
Number of pages8
JournalAnalytical Chemistry
Volume87
Issue number13
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 7 2015

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Ethylene Glycol
Mannose
Peptides
Sensors
Self assembled monolayers
Sulfhydryl Compounds
Passivation
Gold
Impurities
Adsorption
Fabrication
Kinetics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry

Cite this

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title = "Comparison of Mannose, Ethylene Glycol, and Methoxy-Terminated Diluents on Specificity and Selectivity of Electrochemical Peptide-Based Sensors",
abstract = "(Graph Presented). We report the synthesis and application of three new antifouling diluents for the fabrication of an E-PB HIV sensor. Among the three thiolated antifouling diluents used in this study, the methoxy-terminated diluent (C6-MEG) is the most effective in alleviating both nonspecific binding and adsorption of matrix contaminants onto the sensor surface, especially when compared to the mannose- (C6-MAN) and ethylene-glycol-terminated (C6-EG) diluents. The sensor fabricated with C6-MEG has a specificity factor (∼13.5) substantially higher than the sensor passivated with only 6-mercapto-1-hexanol (∼1.5). It is functional even when employed directly in 25{\%} serum, an achievement that has not been observed with this class of E-PB sensors. More importantly, incorporation of these antifouling diluents has negligible impact on other important sensor properties such as sensitivity and binding kinetics. This sensor passivation strategy is versatile and can potentially be used with other E-PB sensors, as well as surface-based sensors that utilize thiol-gold self-assembled monolayer chemistry.",
author = "Zaitouna, {Anita J.} and Jesse Joyce and Ronald Cerny and Dussault, {Patrick H} and Lai, {Rebecca Y}",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Comparison of Mannose, Ethylene Glycol, and Methoxy-Terminated Diluents on Specificity and Selectivity of Electrochemical Peptide-Based Sensors

AU - Zaitouna, Anita J.

AU - Joyce, Jesse

AU - Cerny, Ronald

AU - Dussault, Patrick H

AU - Lai, Rebecca Y

PY - 2015/7/7

Y1 - 2015/7/7

N2 - (Graph Presented). We report the synthesis and application of three new antifouling diluents for the fabrication of an E-PB HIV sensor. Among the three thiolated antifouling diluents used in this study, the methoxy-terminated diluent (C6-MEG) is the most effective in alleviating both nonspecific binding and adsorption of matrix contaminants onto the sensor surface, especially when compared to the mannose- (C6-MAN) and ethylene-glycol-terminated (C6-EG) diluents. The sensor fabricated with C6-MEG has a specificity factor (∼13.5) substantially higher than the sensor passivated with only 6-mercapto-1-hexanol (∼1.5). It is functional even when employed directly in 25% serum, an achievement that has not been observed with this class of E-PB sensors. More importantly, incorporation of these antifouling diluents has negligible impact on other important sensor properties such as sensitivity and binding kinetics. This sensor passivation strategy is versatile and can potentially be used with other E-PB sensors, as well as surface-based sensors that utilize thiol-gold self-assembled monolayer chemistry.

AB - (Graph Presented). We report the synthesis and application of three new antifouling diluents for the fabrication of an E-PB HIV sensor. Among the three thiolated antifouling diluents used in this study, the methoxy-terminated diluent (C6-MEG) is the most effective in alleviating both nonspecific binding and adsorption of matrix contaminants onto the sensor surface, especially when compared to the mannose- (C6-MAN) and ethylene-glycol-terminated (C6-EG) diluents. The sensor fabricated with C6-MEG has a specificity factor (∼13.5) substantially higher than the sensor passivated with only 6-mercapto-1-hexanol (∼1.5). It is functional even when employed directly in 25% serum, an achievement that has not been observed with this class of E-PB sensors. More importantly, incorporation of these antifouling diluents has negligible impact on other important sensor properties such as sensitivity and binding kinetics. This sensor passivation strategy is versatile and can potentially be used with other E-PB sensors, as well as surface-based sensors that utilize thiol-gold self-assembled monolayer chemistry.

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