Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) and dual PPARα and γ agonists have been developed for use in the treatment of diabetes and hyperlipidemias. Vascular tumors were increased in mice treated with some PPAR agonists, but not in rats. Spontaneous hemangiosarcomas are common in several strains of mice, uncommon in rats, and rarely occur in humans. The objective of this study was to determine the endothelial cell proliferation rate in liver and adipose tissue of B6C3F1 mice, F344 rats, and humans to aid in investigations of the genesis and development of hemangiosarcoma formation, and to determine the relevance of the increased endothelial cell proliferation rate in drug-treated rodents in assessing the risk of these drugs in humans. We determined the endothelial cell labeling index (LI) in untreated mice, rats, and humans, in normal liver, brown fat (rats and mice only) and white fat by dual immunohistochemistry of CD31 and Ki-67. The LI, highest in mice and lowest in humans, was statistically significantly greater in the mouse compared to the human and rat. The increased rate of spontaneous or PPAR agonist-induced hemangiosarcoma formation in mice may be related to the higher background endothelial cell proliferation rate compared to rats and humans.
- Endothelial cell
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology