Comparison of anorectal manometry to endoanal ultrasound in the evaluation of fecal incontinence

Savio C. Reddymasu, Shailender Singh, Sana Waheed, Melissa Oropeza-Vail, Richard W. McCallum, Mojtaba Olyaee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Fecal incontinence (FI) is a common clinical condition with a negative impact on the quality of life. Commonly performed tests to evaluate FI include anorectal manometry (ARM) and endoanal ultrasonography (EAU). Objective of our study was to compare the results of these 2 tests in a cohort of patients with FI. Methods: Retrospective study of 27 patients (20 women) referred to the gastrointestinal motility clinic for FI. EAU and ARM were performed in all patients. Demographic data and information regarding etiology of FI was also recorded. Results: Mean age of the patients was 56 years (range 26-87 years). Etiology of FI was obstetric trauma in 4, pelvic surgery in 9, pelvic trauma in 3, pelvic radiation in 1, and idiopathic in 8. Based on the ARM data, 14 of 27 had a weak external sphincter squeeze pressure and 3 had impaired rectal sensation, whereas with the EAU there was thinning of the external anal sphincter in 3 and complete disruption in 1, and abnormalities of the internal anal sphincter (IAS) in 7 of 27 with thinning, and defects. Overall, only 2 of 27 had normal findings by combined ARM and EAU. Conclusions: Although the yield of finding major sphincter defects was low, only a small percentage of patients had a normal ARM or EAU. When there are degrees of external anal sphincter thinning or partial or complete disruption of the sphincters, a good correlation with ARM is achieved. EAU and ARM are complimentary investigations for the thorough assessment of the anal sphincter apparatus.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)336-339
Number of pages4
JournalAmerican Journal of the Medical Sciences
Volume337
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2009
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Fecal Incontinence
Manometry
Ultrasonography
Anal Canal
Gastrointestinal Motility
Hypesthesia
Wounds and Injuries
Obstetrics
Retrospective Studies
Quality of Life
Demography
Radiation
Pressure

Keywords

  • Anorectal manometry
  • Endoscopic ultrasonography
  • Fecal incontinence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Comparison of anorectal manometry to endoanal ultrasound in the evaluation of fecal incontinence. / Reddymasu, Savio C.; Singh, Shailender; Waheed, Sana; Oropeza-Vail, Melissa; McCallum, Richard W.; Olyaee, Mojtaba.

In: American Journal of the Medical Sciences, Vol. 337, No. 5, 01.01.2009, p. 336-339.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Reddymasu, Savio C. ; Singh, Shailender ; Waheed, Sana ; Oropeza-Vail, Melissa ; McCallum, Richard W. ; Olyaee, Mojtaba. / Comparison of anorectal manometry to endoanal ultrasound in the evaluation of fecal incontinence. In: American Journal of the Medical Sciences. 2009 ; Vol. 337, No. 5. pp. 336-339.
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