Preterm spontaneous premature rupture of the membranes (SPROM) is responsible for significant perinatal morbidity and mortality, largely related to prematurity. Consequently, conservative management is frequently elected. These pregnancies, however, are still at risk. Antepartum fetal heart rate testing has been of demonstrable value in other high-risk pregnancies and should offer a method of assessing risk in SPROM. Therefore, a retrospective analysis of patients with SPROM who underwent antepartum fetal heart rate testing was undertaken to evaluate its clinical utility in identifying the fetus at risk. Forty-eight patients underwent 154 nonstress tests in the study population. Indications for delivery included fetal pulmonary maturity, amnionitis and persistent variable decelerations with the failure of amniotic fluid to reaccumulate. Variable decelerations were present in 32% of all tests. Fetal heart rate abnormalities severe enough to warrant delivery were noted in 10 of 48 patients (21%). No intrauterine deaths occurred. Our data suggest that once conservative management is elected in preterm patients with SPROM, the nonstress test may identify fetuses at risk of repeated umbilical cord compression and may allow continuous monitoring or delivery.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Journal of Reproductive Medicine for the Obstetrician and Gynecologist|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 1 1987|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Reproductive Medicine
- Obstetrics and Gynecology