Clinical Spectrum of Fungal Infections After Orthotopic Liver Transplantation

Paolo Castaldo, Robert J. Stratta, R. Patrick Wood, Rodney Smith Markin, Kashinath D. Patil, Mark S. Shaefer, Alan Norman Langnas, Elizabeth Cecile Reed, S. Shujun, Todd J. Pillen, Byers Wendell Shaw Jr

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Abstract

During a 50-month period, we identified 91 episodes of fungal infection in 72 liver transplant recipients (23.8%). Candida species accounted for 83.5% of cases. Clinical patterns of fungal infections included disseminated infection (19), peritonitis (17), pneumonitis (15), multiple sites of colonization (13), fungemia (11), and other sites (16). The diagnosis of fungal infection was usually made in the first 2 months (84.7% of cases), at a mean time of 16 days after transplantation. Risk factors for fungal infections included retransplantation, Risk score, intraoperative transfusion requirement, urgent status, Roux limb biliary reconstruction (in adults), steroid dose, bacterial infections and antibiotic therapy, and vascular complications. Fungal infections were successfully treated with amphotericin B in 63 cases (74.1%) but were associated with diminished patient survival (50% vs 83.5%). Fungal infection is a frequent source of early morbidity and can be related to well-defined risk factors, suggesting the need for effective prophylaxis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)149-156
Number of pages8
JournalArchives of Surgery
Volume126
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1991

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Mycoses
Liver Transplantation
Fungemia
Amphotericin B
Peritonitis
Candida
Bacterial Infections
Blood Vessels
Pneumonia
Extremities
Transplantation
Steroids
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Morbidity
Survival
Liver
Infection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

Cite this

Castaldo, P., Stratta, R. J., Wood, R. P., Markin, R. S., Patil, K. D., Shaefer, M. S., ... Shaw Jr, B. W. (1991). Clinical Spectrum of Fungal Infections After Orthotopic Liver Transplantation. Archives of Surgery, 126(2), 149-156. https://doi.org/10.1001/archsurg.1991.01410260033005

Clinical Spectrum of Fungal Infections After Orthotopic Liver Transplantation. / Castaldo, Paolo; Stratta, Robert J.; Wood, R. Patrick; Markin, Rodney Smith; Patil, Kashinath D.; Shaefer, Mark S.; Langnas, Alan Norman; Reed, Elizabeth Cecile; Shujun, S.; Pillen, Todd J.; Shaw Jr, Byers Wendell.

In: Archives of Surgery, Vol. 126, No. 2, 01.01.1991, p. 149-156.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Castaldo, P, Stratta, RJ, Wood, RP, Markin, RS, Patil, KD, Shaefer, MS, Langnas, AN, Reed, EC, Shujun, S, Pillen, TJ & Shaw Jr, BW 1991, 'Clinical Spectrum of Fungal Infections After Orthotopic Liver Transplantation', Archives of Surgery, vol. 126, no. 2, pp. 149-156. https://doi.org/10.1001/archsurg.1991.01410260033005
Castaldo, Paolo ; Stratta, Robert J. ; Wood, R. Patrick ; Markin, Rodney Smith ; Patil, Kashinath D. ; Shaefer, Mark S. ; Langnas, Alan Norman ; Reed, Elizabeth Cecile ; Shujun, S. ; Pillen, Todd J. ; Shaw Jr, Byers Wendell. / Clinical Spectrum of Fungal Infections After Orthotopic Liver Transplantation. In: Archives of Surgery. 1991 ; Vol. 126, No. 2. pp. 149-156.
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