Ciliary dynein dysfunction caused by chronic alcohol exposure

Michael Price, Fan Yang, Joseph Harold Sisson, Maureen Wirschell

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

While many genetic defects have been determined to compromise ciliary function, the detrimental effects of alcohol and other environmental factors can also cause ciliary dysfunction-a condition we call an ". acquired ciliopathy." In this chapter, we focus on the impact of alcohol exposure on ciliary function. Alcohol-induced ciliary dysfunction (AICD) occurs with prolonged alcohol consumption and results in compromised lung function, in part, due to loss of airway cilia responsiveness resulting in impaired mucociliary clearance. In particular, we detail the impact of alcohol (ethanol) on the mammalian lung and airway cilia, discussing the effects of both brief and prolonged alcohol exposure. We summarize recent work demonstrating AICD in the model protist, Chlamydomonas reinhardtii, and the discovery of specific ciliary targets of alcohol. This chapter concludes with a section discussing new questions, future directions, and potential treatments for AICD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationDyneins
Subtitle of host publicationDynein Mechanics, Dysfunction, and Disease: Second Edition
PublisherElsevier
Pages402-417
Number of pages16
Volume2
ISBN (Electronic)9780128097014
ISBN (Print)9780128094709
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018

Fingerprint

Dyneins
Alcohols
Cilia
Bridge clearances
Mucociliary Clearance
Chlamydomonas reinhardtii
Lung
Alcohol Drinking
Ethanol
Defects

Keywords

  • Acquired ciliopathy
  • Alcohol
  • Axoneme
  • Cilia
  • Dynein motors
  • Ethanol
  • Flagella
  • Lung
  • Mucociliary clearance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

Cite this

Price, M., Yang, F., Sisson, J. H., & Wirschell, M. (2018). Ciliary dynein dysfunction caused by chronic alcohol exposure. In Dyneins: Dynein Mechanics, Dysfunction, and Disease: Second Edition (Vol. 2, pp. 402-417). Elsevier. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-809470-9.00016-3

Ciliary dynein dysfunction caused by chronic alcohol exposure. / Price, Michael; Yang, Fan; Sisson, Joseph Harold; Wirschell, Maureen.

Dyneins: Dynein Mechanics, Dysfunction, and Disease: Second Edition. Vol. 2 Elsevier, 2018. p. 402-417.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Price, M, Yang, F, Sisson, JH & Wirschell, M 2018, Ciliary dynein dysfunction caused by chronic alcohol exposure. in Dyneins: Dynein Mechanics, Dysfunction, and Disease: Second Edition. vol. 2, Elsevier, pp. 402-417. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-809470-9.00016-3
Price M, Yang F, Sisson JH, Wirschell M. Ciliary dynein dysfunction caused by chronic alcohol exposure. In Dyneins: Dynein Mechanics, Dysfunction, and Disease: Second Edition. Vol. 2. Elsevier. 2018. p. 402-417 https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-809470-9.00016-3
Price, Michael ; Yang, Fan ; Sisson, Joseph Harold ; Wirschell, Maureen. / Ciliary dynein dysfunction caused by chronic alcohol exposure. Dyneins: Dynein Mechanics, Dysfunction, and Disease: Second Edition. Vol. 2 Elsevier, 2018. pp. 402-417
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