Chronic ethanol consumption impairs receptor-mediated endocytosis of formaldehyde-treated albumin by isolated rat liver endothelial cells

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Receptor-mediated endocytosis (RME) by a scavenger receptor on sinusoidal liver endothelial cells (LECs) for formaldehyde-treated bovine serum albumin (f-Alb) has previously been shown to be impaired following chronic ethanol consumption. These studies were initially performed by in situ perfusion, making it difficult to determine the point in the process at which RME is affected. Therefore, it was the purpose of this study to use isolated LECs to begin elucidating at what point in the process chronic ethanol consumption affects RME. Initial studies showed that degradation at the single-cell level were similarly decreased at levels that had been observed for in situ studies, suggesting that the ethanol effects can be repeated using isolated LECs, making them useful for in vitro studies. Binding studies with 125I-formaldehyde-treated bovine serum albumin (125I-f-Alb) demonstrated there was a slight, but significantly different, decrease in binding by LECs from ethanol-fed rats when compared with pair- fed or chow-fed rats. However, the affinity of these receptors was not different between these groups. In contrast, a defect in the initial stages of receptor-ligand internalization was indicated as less surface-bound ligand was internalized and subsequently degraded in cells from the ethanol-treated animals as compared with controls. Additionally, once the data were adjusted for the amount of ligand internalized, the degradation of the internalized ligand was only slightly impaired. These results indicate that chronic ethanol feeding impairs the process of RME by the liver; the major cause of this impairment appears to be caused by a decreased ability of these cells to internalize all of the surface-bound ligand, with a minimal defect in postinternalization events.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1511-1517
Number of pages7
JournalHepatology
Volume29
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 17 1999

Fingerprint

Endocytosis
Formaldehyde
Albumins
Ethanol
Endothelial Cells
Ligands
Liver
Scavenger Receptors
Perfusion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology

Cite this

@article{d30debb812f24dabb0a6203d38026e1c,
title = "Chronic ethanol consumption impairs receptor-mediated endocytosis of formaldehyde-treated albumin by isolated rat liver endothelial cells",
abstract = "Receptor-mediated endocytosis (RME) by a scavenger receptor on sinusoidal liver endothelial cells (LECs) for formaldehyde-treated bovine serum albumin (f-Alb) has previously been shown to be impaired following chronic ethanol consumption. These studies were initially performed by in situ perfusion, making it difficult to determine the point in the process at which RME is affected. Therefore, it was the purpose of this study to use isolated LECs to begin elucidating at what point in the process chronic ethanol consumption affects RME. Initial studies showed that degradation at the single-cell level were similarly decreased at levels that had been observed for in situ studies, suggesting that the ethanol effects can be repeated using isolated LECs, making them useful for in vitro studies. Binding studies with 125I-formaldehyde-treated bovine serum albumin (125I-f-Alb) demonstrated there was a slight, but significantly different, decrease in binding by LECs from ethanol-fed rats when compared with pair- fed or chow-fed rats. However, the affinity of these receptors was not different between these groups. In contrast, a defect in the initial stages of receptor-ligand internalization was indicated as less surface-bound ligand was internalized and subsequently degraded in cells from the ethanol-treated animals as compared with controls. Additionally, once the data were adjusted for the amount of ligand internalized, the degradation of the internalized ligand was only slightly impaired. These results indicate that chronic ethanol feeding impairs the process of RME by the liver; the major cause of this impairment appears to be caused by a decreased ability of these cells to internalize all of the surface-bound ligand, with a minimal defect in postinternalization events.",
author = "Thiele, {Geoffrey Milton}",
year = "1999",
month = "5",
day = "17",
doi = "10.1002/hep.510290517",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "29",
pages = "1511--1517",
journal = "Hepatology",
issn = "0270-9139",
publisher = "John Wiley and Sons Ltd",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Chronic ethanol consumption impairs receptor-mediated endocytosis of formaldehyde-treated albumin by isolated rat liver endothelial cells

AU - Thiele, Geoffrey Milton

PY - 1999/5/17

Y1 - 1999/5/17

N2 - Receptor-mediated endocytosis (RME) by a scavenger receptor on sinusoidal liver endothelial cells (LECs) for formaldehyde-treated bovine serum albumin (f-Alb) has previously been shown to be impaired following chronic ethanol consumption. These studies were initially performed by in situ perfusion, making it difficult to determine the point in the process at which RME is affected. Therefore, it was the purpose of this study to use isolated LECs to begin elucidating at what point in the process chronic ethanol consumption affects RME. Initial studies showed that degradation at the single-cell level were similarly decreased at levels that had been observed for in situ studies, suggesting that the ethanol effects can be repeated using isolated LECs, making them useful for in vitro studies. Binding studies with 125I-formaldehyde-treated bovine serum albumin (125I-f-Alb) demonstrated there was a slight, but significantly different, decrease in binding by LECs from ethanol-fed rats when compared with pair- fed or chow-fed rats. However, the affinity of these receptors was not different between these groups. In contrast, a defect in the initial stages of receptor-ligand internalization was indicated as less surface-bound ligand was internalized and subsequently degraded in cells from the ethanol-treated animals as compared with controls. Additionally, once the data were adjusted for the amount of ligand internalized, the degradation of the internalized ligand was only slightly impaired. These results indicate that chronic ethanol feeding impairs the process of RME by the liver; the major cause of this impairment appears to be caused by a decreased ability of these cells to internalize all of the surface-bound ligand, with a minimal defect in postinternalization events.

AB - Receptor-mediated endocytosis (RME) by a scavenger receptor on sinusoidal liver endothelial cells (LECs) for formaldehyde-treated bovine serum albumin (f-Alb) has previously been shown to be impaired following chronic ethanol consumption. These studies were initially performed by in situ perfusion, making it difficult to determine the point in the process at which RME is affected. Therefore, it was the purpose of this study to use isolated LECs to begin elucidating at what point in the process chronic ethanol consumption affects RME. Initial studies showed that degradation at the single-cell level were similarly decreased at levels that had been observed for in situ studies, suggesting that the ethanol effects can be repeated using isolated LECs, making them useful for in vitro studies. Binding studies with 125I-formaldehyde-treated bovine serum albumin (125I-f-Alb) demonstrated there was a slight, but significantly different, decrease in binding by LECs from ethanol-fed rats when compared with pair- fed or chow-fed rats. However, the affinity of these receptors was not different between these groups. In contrast, a defect in the initial stages of receptor-ligand internalization was indicated as less surface-bound ligand was internalized and subsequently degraded in cells from the ethanol-treated animals as compared with controls. Additionally, once the data were adjusted for the amount of ligand internalized, the degradation of the internalized ligand was only slightly impaired. These results indicate that chronic ethanol feeding impairs the process of RME by the liver; the major cause of this impairment appears to be caused by a decreased ability of these cells to internalize all of the surface-bound ligand, with a minimal defect in postinternalization events.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0032899157&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0032899157&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1002/hep.510290517

DO - 10.1002/hep.510290517

M3 - Article

C2 - 10216136

AN - SCOPUS:0032899157

VL - 29

SP - 1511

EP - 1517

JO - Hepatology

JF - Hepatology

SN - 0270-9139

IS - 5

ER -