Chromatographic analysis of carbamazepine binding to human serum albumin. II. Comparison of the Schiff base and N-hydroxysuccinimide immobilization methods

Hee Seung Kim, Rangan Mallik, David S. Hage

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30 Scopus citations


Recent studies with carbamazepine on human serum albumin (HSA) columns have noted an appreciable degree of non-specific binding on supports prepared by the Schiff base immobilization method. This work examines an alternative immobilization method for HSA based on N-hydroxysuccinimide (NHS)-activated silica. This support was prepared by reacting HPLC-grade silica directly with disuccinimidyl carbonate. The resulting material was compared to an HSA support prepared by the Schiff base method in terms of its activity for carbamazepine and non-specific interactions with this drug. When examined by frontal analysis, both supports gave comparable association equilibrium constants for carbamazepine interactions with HSA ((0.53-0.55) × 104 M-1 at 37 °C). However, columns prepared by the Schiff base method gave greater non-specific binding. These columns, as well as control columns prepared using the carbonyldiimidazole (CDI) immobilization method, were also evaluated for their non-specific binding to a variety of other solutes known to interact with HSA. From these results it was concluded that the NHS method was an attractive alternative to the Schiff base technique in the preparation of immobilized HSA for HPLC-based binding studies for carbamazepine. However, it was also noted that non-specific binding varies from one drug to the next in these immobilization methods, indicating that such properties should be evaluated on a case-by-case basis in the use and development of HSA columns for binding studies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)138-146
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Chromatography B: Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - Jun 6 2006



  • Binding studies
  • Carbamazepine
  • High-performance affinity chromatography
  • Human serum albumin
  • N-Hydroxysuccinimide method
  • Schiff base method

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

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